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Lecture

RS110 Lecture Notes - Sufism, Averroes, Islamic Philosophy


Department
Religious Studies
Course Code
RS110
Professor
Peter Frick

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RS#110##101:#Lecture#18#
Islamic(Philosophy((
Thursday,#November#25,#2010#
#
Ibn$Rushd$(1126.1198)$
= Known#as#Averroes,#lived#in#Cordoba,#Spain#
= Considered#the#greatest#Muslim#scholar#on#Aristotle##
= Famous#for#critiquing#al=Ghazali’s#work#The$Incoherence$of$the$Philosophers#with#his#own#
work#entitled#The$Incoherence$of$Incoherence$#
= Criticized#Avicenna#(Ibn#Sina#for#misunderstanding#Aristotle#and#al=Ghazali#for#
misunderstanding#philosophy#
= He#believed#in#unity#of#truth#(both#religion#and#philosophy#“double=truth#theory)#
= He#argues#that#there#are#equal#approaches#to#truth#
o Religion#is#meant#for#the#masses#
o Philosophy#is#meant#for#the#intellectual#elite#
= He#maintains#the#resurrection#of#the#body;#however#his#view#of#the#soul#on#immortality#is#at#
best#unclear#
#
Islamic(Mysticism(
= With#the#rapid#spread#of#Islam#came#also#the#trap#of#power#and#wealth#
= People#who#want#to#feel,#want#to#become#one#with#God,#and#want#to#approach#God#and#know#
existentially#that#God#is#there#
#
Early$Asceticism$
= Initially,#critical#voiced#came#from#people#who#idealized#the#simple#and#ascetic#life##
= They#understood#Jesus#as#a#model#for#such#an#ascetic#piety##
= They#wore#only#a#garment#of#wool#on#there#are#skin,#their#name#sufis$#
= Did#this#to#symbolize#poverty##
= The#early#ascetics#were#known#as#zuhad,#“those#who#shun”#the#world#and#its#pleasures#
= They#have#a#deeper#understanding#of#religion#than#“normal”#people#
= Mystical#life#is#to#experience#the#transcendence#of#God#in#immanent#and#real#ways#
o Adore#God’s#majesty#
o Remembrance#of#God#
= Mystics#praised#God#and#had#a#life#of#poverty#
= Muhammad’s#night#journey#in#Jerusalem#(619)#and#his#ascent#into#heaven#is#seen#as#a#
mystical#experience##
= Tariqa:#is#an#inner#path#of#meditation#and#techniques#to#bring#about#the#“remembering#of#
God”#that#will#lead#to#detachment#from#things#in#freedom#and#become#a#“passing#away”#into#
God#
= A#sufi$mystic#is#called#a#traveler#who#goes#from#station#to#station#(psycho=spiritual#
conditions…)##
#
Mystical$Ecstasy$
= Five#Stations#
1. Turn#to#God#in#repentance##
2. Steadfastness#and#patience#in#all#things#
3. Gratitude#for#God’s#decrees,#be#they#good#or#ill#
4. Absolute#trust#in#God#
5. Complete#acceptance#of#contentment#of#whatever#God#decrees##
#
$
$
$
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