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Lecture 4

SDS353R Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Industrial Revolution, Nanny, Woodworking

Social Development Studies
Course Code
Geoff Malleck

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Renaissance Period (14th -17th c.)(cont’d)
Child as inherently evil; born w/ original sin
- (TF) key was to suppress will and total subordination to parents
More children beaten over age span than ever before
John Wesley: - founder of Methodism
- need to break will of child to bring their will to subjection to yours so that afterwards, may
be subject to will of God
Paradoxically, ctrl was b/c of i↑’d care
- discipline and training became important
Concern to isolate children from corrupt world of adult and to train children to resist adult temptations
- watch over child more carefully and to avoid abandonment
Concept of equality of children began to dvlp
- not just the eldest son given attention anymore
End of 17th c.:
- mother became dominant figure in children’s lives
- aar of overthrow of divine right of king
- i’g religious toleration
- general relaxation of deferential and hierarchal practices in society
- industrialization began to flourish
John Locke
18th c.
More child-oriented society
Children’s clothing began to dvlp as sth separate from adult’s clothing
- w/ more loose clothing, play was okay
Tremendous dvlpmt of children literature
- advice books and amusement
Parents now willing to spend money on children
Dvlpmt of edu’al games
Toyshops opened up (i.e. dolls whose clothes could be changed, tin soldiers)
- toys made for child’s gratification of play
- created upper and lower class market of parents who could buy such luxuries for their children
Growing popularity of family portrait (w/ informal moments, such as playful expressions/scenes)
- i’g care and emotional relationship for nuclear family
Liberation of sexuality from theology (i.e. in marriage w/o goal of procreation)
No longer was wife interchangeable or replaceable
Decline of kin responsibility b/c of economic concerns
d of child #s as not economic to raise a child if they cannot give him/her full attention,/love,/needs/wants
With attention given to wet nurses, poor treatment, and swaddling, i of maternal care, d of abandonment,
and earlier age given for child to move about and exercise motor abilities
- notion that parents wanted to nurture child more, hence, want to be the one to hold and touch child
instead of a wet-nurse
- i’g mothers who breastfeed instead of wet-nurses
- practice of wet-nurses largely confined to wealthy classes as they were becoming more expensive
- permissive amongst parents (floggings and beatings no longer as acceptable)
- aar parents complained they had to persuade children rather than ordering them about
- parents talked about spoiling of children
- still constrains for girls (so as to catch attention of future husbands)
- girls had to move in slow languid mvmts; slimness emphasized
Malnourished and maltreated children in families where both parents worked, as they were often left alone
- infanticide still occurred, especially w/ illegitimate children
Bastard stamped on birth records
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