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Lecture 5

Lecture 5.2.docx


Department
Social Development Studies
Course Code
SDS353R
Professor
Geoff Malleck
Lecture
5

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Family Roles (cont’d)
Fathers
Used to be bread-winners and often primary disciplinarian
- now shared w/ mother
- (TF) more involved in children’s lives
Engage child in active play more so than mother
- i’ly more nurturing
Children
i’g role of child as support for parents (i.e. aar of absent parent)
- more responsibilities around home
Delayed leaving home
Grandparents
More ppl w/ grandparents for longer periods of time than ever before
Grandparents i↑’ly more concerned for grandchildren
- seen in cases where grandparents go to court for custody of grandchildren
Implications of Other Changes for Childhood
Divorce
1901: fewer than half of 1% of CDNs were divorced
1996: 8% of tot CDN pop’n divorced
At one time, children always went to father (considered his “property”)
1920s and 30s: custody i↑’ly went to mother b/c idea that children “needed their mothers”
Joint custody reflects role of fathers and care for child (that they have two birth parents and shouldn’t be
separated from one for the other)
1/3 children whose parents have separated live in situation where no financial support agreement in place
Children of divorced parents have greater risk of dvlp’g problems than children whose parents remain
together
- majority of children of divorced parents, however, dN have dvlp’g problems
Must also consider, at time of parents’ separation, regardless of age, some children blame themselves, can
dvlp beh’al problems, miss the care of parent, etc.
Many divorced parents in financial and emotional burden that they become temporarily depressed while
others begin desperate search for new mate
- aar less attention to child and less responsive to child’s needs
- more adult focused rather than child focused can hurt the child
Bad role model: children dN learn to work things out and rather, divorce/fight
Fighting for custody: is it really for the sake of the child? Or is it to get back at the spouse?
Family Violence
1996: More than 300k children under age of 12 witnessed vio’ at home
These children more likely to engage in antisocial beh’s
Poverty
Rates of child abuse, child neglect, and child death are disproportionately found w/in poorest families
Children among growing pop’n of food bank users
Chronic stress and diminished material and psychological resources that often characterize poverty env’
combine then in ways detrimental to young children
Poverty in children does reduce indvdl’s adult life opportunities and productivity and by substantial amnt
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