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Lecture 6

SDS353R Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Manboy


Department
Social Development Studies
Course Code
SDS353R
Professor
Geoff Malleck
Lecture
6

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[ LECTURE 6 ] CHILDHOOD AND EDUCATION (THE CHILD AS STUDENT)
Education and Childhood
Socialization
Is transmission of culturechildren passive; children are recipients of culture
Is process of becoming humanactive notion tht it is child/newcomer who actively pursues this concept
Learn ways of social group to be able to f’n in it
What is learned:
- skills and knowledge (i.e. in ancient timeshunting, and in our societyreading and writing)
- values (i.e. rules of what is right/wrong in society)
- concept of self
Agents of socialization: family, community, educational institution, church, peers, etc.
Goals of Education
Rousseau:
- calling for type of edu’ that is child-centered
- thought that every young man/boy should have tutor, and tht tutor should respond to child’s curiosities
- “I detest books. Reading is the scourge of childhood. Books merely teach us to talk about things we
know nothing about.”
Aristotle: Should we train ppl to do things they use in life (job/moral/values training) or should we educate
ppl for sake of edu itself?
- still having this debate today
Concept of Child
A
B
Nature
Inherently evil
Inherently good
Motivation
Biological drives
Social factors
Educational goal
Conformity
Self-actualization
View of socialization
Difficult; evil must be curbed
Easy b/c child is socially motivated
James Nelson (1768): “…give degree of knowledge tht would qualify them to fulfill some sort of position,
some situation in life, try to give employment fitting to their condition, such as to
make them happy in themselves and useful in society”
Edu important for formation of character
i.e. John Locke: “Great principle and foundation of our virtue and worth is placed in myths, where man
is able to deny himself his own desires, and duly follow what reasons directs as best
though appetite leans in the other way.”
17th c.: edu as means of advancing sons in world
Consider goals such as: - job training
- knowledge
- “goodness”
- moral improvement
- status
Goals of parents:
i.e. i↑’g notion of a “superkid”, in which concept of play became secondary, (TF) to teach as much as
possible, as quickly as possible
Structure of Education
1. Age:
- in almost all provinces, req’d all children btwn 6-16 have to be in edu sys
- kindergarten not req’d in Ontario
2. Grade levels:
- what was taught depended on LT goals
- i.e. illegal in Sweden for child to learn to read before age 7
3. Universality:
- special needs
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