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Lecture 7

Lecture 7.2.docx


Department
Social Development Studies
Course Code
SDS353R
Professor
Geoff Malleck
Lecture
7

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Causes
Poverty biggest driving force
Money spent mostly on food, and thus, almost integral for child’s wellbeing to be working
- vicious cycle
¼ of world currently live on < $1/day
Children acc for 50% of world’s poor
Child labour will cont’ to expand as long as poverty exists
- though not all poor children are working
Weight of local customs and traditions
- children expected to play social role and/or follow family’s footsteps
- aar, parents and children dN realize tht it is illegal or against interests of children
Fertility: - large household size associated w/ low enrolment in school and larger number in work force
Absence of universal, free, compulsory, and non-discriminatory primary schooling deprives children of
best opportunities to avoid risks and deprivations associated w/ child labour
Social attitudes: - in almost all societies, certain groups suffer discrimination and some children treated
more favourably than others
- and favoured child given opportunity to go to school rather than work (such as boys
over girls)
Corruption within local law enforcement agencies can hinder application and enforcement of laws
Finally child labour recognized as consequence and cause of poverty
Efforts to End It
No simple quick fix
Nat’l and int’l policies and programs (implemented w/ assistance of int’l agencies such as UNICEF)
- reorientation of attitudes and policies
- new and practical ways of protecting children
- eliminating most unacceptable of child labours w/in short period of time
Need for them to be comprehensive
Essential to set priorities as for which aspects are needed to be immediately taken care of
4 main ingredients for eliminating child labour:
1.) building on nat’l and int’l law and enforcement
- struggle cannot be won by legislative action alone, nor can it win w/o it
- problem lies in enforcement; thus, strengthening should be given priority
- need country/state’s support for enforcing of laws
- complicated procedures dissuade parents and children for hassle to receive their rights
2.) universal and affordable primary edu
- giving child opportunities before joining work force during childhood, and for their future
- compulsory edu laws and child labour laws to complement each other
- need for flexibility and economic incentives to support/compensate , as in case for children who
need to work for family to support itself (i.e. farming), so that work/edu hrs dN clash
- educated citizen contribute more for country
- educated people have more knowledge for childrearing, and thus, help d child labour in future
3.) implementation or advancement of targeted initiatives of combating administration
- important to incorporate projects for specific parties and sectors into broader programs
addressing all exploitative and hazardous child labour in specific geographical area and
addressing such programs both for children already working and for those at risk for being in
labour force
4.) mobilizing society
- creating broad social alliance
- efforts of sum better than efforts of indvdl
- produce lasting change better w/ cooperation and political will of gov
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