SE101 Lecture Notes - Canadian Intellectual Property Office, World Intellectual Property Organization, Creator Ownership In Comics

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Intellectual Property
November 20, 2012
Intellectual Property
Intellectual property is any tangible idea or invention
Engineers
o Often responsible for the development of new designs and improvements to existing
designs
o Questions:
How is ownership of IP established?
How is ownership of IP protected?
Types of IP
o Patents
o Copyright
o Industrial designs
o Trademarks
o Integrated circuit topographies
o Trade secrets
Intellectual Property Databases
o Searchable intellectual property databases are important sources of info
Allow designers to search for intellectual property right infringements
Provide a repository of intellectual property for reference
o Intellectual property databases are maintained by governmental organization
o Some governmental organizations that maintain databases of IP include the following:
Canadian Intellectual Property office
United States Patent and Trademark Office
World Intellectual Property Organization
Why protect IP?
o Laws and conventions give the creator ownership of IP
o Without protection, it may not be economical/practical to research and/or develop ideas
and inventions
o Eg:
Substantial investment required for drug research and development can only be
justified if IP rights are protected
Patents
o Governed by Patent Act and agreements with other countries
o Give inventors the right to exclude others from making, using, or selling invention
o Protect inventors from the day the patent is granted to a max of 20 years after the day on
which the patent application was filed
o Inventors may profit by selling or licensing patent
o A patent…
Must be something new, useful, and ingenious
Can include:
Products
Apparatuses
Manufacturing processes
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