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SDS 131R (45)


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Social Development Studies
SDS 131R
Theresa Romkey

Pacifism What is Pacifism?  Completely against violence and challenges us to see what violence really is in all forms  Religious roots and anarchist roots (remove authority)  Most forms are anti-war What do they believe?  Optimistic about human nature in that we are capable of changing for the better  State is an institution that wants power and can be oppressive as they are part of the problem  They are wary of the state rather than completely against like the anarchists  Community always trumps the individual  Full equality and peaceful state  Utility trumps rights in order to achieve peace Roots of Pacifism  Jesus as a pacifist and influence for many other to emulate  Anabaptists: new group of Christians that baptised later in life so that people had a choice  Live isolated from others in society (technology etc.) but community focused and help each other when in need Quakers  George Fox 1600s: Religious Society of Friends: direct experience of god is available to all people  Name was first derogatory because of the extreme religious experiences they had but reclaimed the term as one should ‘quake’ before god  Not just anti-war but also anti-oppression  Praxis, they put theory into action  Conscientious objectors: put a lot of thought into why they think or act the way we do (e.i. won’t serve in the war because the morally object) Henry David Thoreau  Wadlen: about his tome living in a cabin for 2 years where he lived simply and was self sufficient  You must live with purposed or else you’ll end up living someone else’s life  He is not religious based  It is easier to live simply is you have less to loose (Not many positions or a high status)  Non-violence civil disobedience  Voting doesn’t bring change you want because voting for injustice is ineffective  Refused to pay his taxes as a protest to the US war against Mexico because if you pay taxes then you support the endeavor with your dollars (if enough people do it the system will inevitable break down)  If there is an unjust law it shouldn’t be follow and deserves to be broken  Less governance is bett
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