Reform liberalism, also known as welfare
liberalism, is a political ideology that emerged during post
World War II in Canada in reaction to the Industrial Revolution as well as colonialism. It
was during this time when Reform Liberalists saw problems with capitalism and tried to
broaden the definition of equality.
The John Stuart Mill Freedom Equation:
What Mill Likes:
SelfImprovement Capitalism What Mill Dislikes:
Harm Principle What Competition Mill Freedom
Positive Liberty Wants: Linear Growth
Women’s Rights Tyranny of the
SelfImprovement = Mill believed that freedom lies in the removal of barriers in our
path to selfimprovement.
Harm Principle = Everyone should be allowed to act as they choose as long as they do
not harm someone in the process of doing so.
Positive Liberty = the state plays a role in our freedom by giving everyone a chance to
run the race equally (such as preventing poverty, disease, etc.).
T.H. Green’s Freedom Equation:
The ‘Good Life’ Education Labour Ç Health Freedom
What Green Likes: What Green Wants:
The ‘Good Life’ = Green’s idea of the meaning of freedom. He believes that the state
should play a role in removing the obstacles that prevent people from getting to the ‘good
life’. He also mentions that by taxing the rich, it will allow the poor to have a better
chance of obtaining the ‘good life’.
Education, Labour & Health = This includes adult education, development of social
and community work, as well as improving the working and living conditions for
L.T. Hobhouse’s Freedom Equation:
What Hobhouse Likes: What Hobhouse Wants: Ç√ Ç√
Living Wage Reciprocal Economic Justice Freedom
Living Wage = Hobhouse states that we need a living wage, as well as government
programs for old age (such as pension plans) and universal education. The living wage is
different from a minimum wage in the sense that a living wage does not only takes into
account the minimum amount of money a person ne