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Religious Fundamentalism Summary Paper.docx

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Department
Social Development Studies
Course
SDS 131R
Professor
Theresa Romkey
Semester
Winter

Description
Religious Fundamentalism Religious fundamentalism is an ideology that follows religious texts literally and  believes that religion and that state should not be separate. They are very similar to  conservatism in a sense that their aim is to preserve tradition. The ideology is against  secularism, pluralism, and enlightenment. Instead, they promote theocracy and  submission to religion, and believe that the scriptures are never wrong and cannot be  questioned. The current rise of this ideology also comes from the reaction against  modernism, westernization, and relativism. Muslim Brotherhood – promotes shari’a law (when the law follows religious writings)  and is against westernization, colonialism, capitalism and communism. Their main goal is  to have society return to the ‘true’ Islam. Shi’ism – believes that Ali should be the successor of Muhammad. Ayatollah Khomeini  is an example of Shi’ism. He was elected in after he promised freedom for his people
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