Anarchism is the belief that is very similar to pacifism and libertarianism. It
shares the same beliefs as these two ideologies in a sense that anarchism is also wants
individual freedom and elimination of the state. It is an ideology that is very optimistic
about human nature, stating that human nature is innocent but corruptible. Anarchists are
typically against any state involvement, including educational systems. They believe that
society is better off without an educational system, since we can learn more from
experience and socialising with others.
Individual anarchism is similar to libertarianism. It advocates for negative liberty
and it opposes the state control of the individual.
Social Anarchism is similar to reform liberalism and Marxism in a sense that it
promotes positive liberty, equality of entitlement, and emphasis on community over the
Diggers originated from communist farmers in 1600s in England. These farmers
wanted economic equality and believed in a classless society where freedom lies in a
‘common land’ where basic human rights are met with the things that a land can provide
(such as food).
Levellers also originated from England in 1600s and wanted equality, suffrage,
and religious tolerance. They fall under the individual anarchists.
Godwin was the father of anarchism and wanted an egalitarian society. He was
against the state and religious institutions because they are unjust, create greed in [Type text] [Type text] [Type text]
humans, and perpetuate dependency and ignorance. These institutions have a powerful
influence on people and shape our nature, opinions, actions, and how we deal with
Godwin was also against the notion of the social contract and Locke’s notion of
the private property. He believes that private property is what created the state, and was
also the reason behind polarization and robberies.
Finally, Godwin was against marriage because he believes that marriage is the
root to the oppression of women. Women lose their freedom to marriage, and that
marriage is evil because it fills people with delusions, an