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SDS 150R Older Adulthood March 28th 2012

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University of Waterloo
Social Development Studies
SDS 150R
Peter Hymmen

th SDS 150R Older Adulthood March 28 2012 Stereotypes of old age  Older people have more acute illness than persons under 65  Life expectancy for a 65 year old man is about the same as a 65 year old woman  Older adult have higher rates of crime or aggressive behaviours than under 65  Older people who reduce their physical activity tend to be happier than those who remain active  Most old people have no interest or ability for sexual relations  At least one in ten older adults live in long term care facilities nursing homes or psychiatric hospitals  Most older workers cannot work as effectively as younger ones  Most older people are set in their ways and unable to change  Chonmpsky: 86 still has a regular schedule of lectures and cognitively still there  Most part, tend to be false across the board Why are perceptions of older adults inaccurate?  Over focus on negative stories o Leads to inaccurate perceptions o In the news and media  Being old has changes o Illness treated o Life prolonged o Expectation to live into 80s now, before it was only a few ‘lucky’ ones Two Periods of later Adulthood (Neugarten)  Young-old o 65-74 (older adulthood)  Old-old o 75 and older (late adulthood) o Oldest-old 85+ Key Changes in young-old (older adulthood)  Physical changes  Rapid decrease in role demands o Parenting, retirement  Gender role crossover  Little difference from middle adulthood (retirement excluded) Key Changes in old-old (late adulthood)  Physical and mental aging accelerates o Move from house to apartment or seniors community Disengagement o Shrinking roles cause disengaging of previous normal activities o Depending on role of grandparenting, very active or not at all  Life space shrinks  Variability is greatest Components of life satisfaction (Neugarten)  Mood tone o Positive feelings of self, lead to more life satisfaction o Maybe sometime we don’t have complete control over  Resolution and Fortitude  Congruence  Self-concept  Zest vs. apathy Factors of life satisfaction (Bee)  Individual’s perception of their situations o Adequacy of physical health o Quality of social relationships Theories of life satisfaction  Disengagement theory o Older adults are more satisfied when they disengage
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