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Lecture 4

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University of Waterloo
Social Development Studies
SDS 353R
Geoff Malleck

Renaissance Period (14 -17 c.)(cont’d)  Child as inherently evil; born w/ original sin - (TF) key was to suppress will and total subordination to parents  More children beaten over age span than ever before  John Wesley: - founder of Methodism - need to break will of child to bring their will to subjection to yours so that afterwards, may be subject to will of God  Paradoxically, ctrl was b/c of i↑’d care - discipline and training became important  Concern to isolate children from corrupt world of adult and to train children to resist adult temptations - watch over child more carefully and to avoid abandonment  Concept of equality of children began to dvlp - not just the eldest son given attention anymore  End of 17 c.: - mother became dominant figure in children’s lives - aar of overthrow of divine right of king - i↑’g religious toleration - general relaxation of deferential and hierarchal practices in society - industrialization began to flourish  John Locke th 18 c.  More child-oriented society  Children’s clothing began to dvlp as sth separate from adult’s clothing - w/ more loose clothing, play was okay  Tremendous dvlpmt of children literature - advice books and amusement  Parents now willing to spend money on children  Dvlpmt of edu’al games  Toyshops opened up (i.e. dolls whose clothes could be changed, tin soldiers) - toys made for child’s gratification of play - created upper and lower class market of parents who could buy such luxuries for their children  Growing popularity of family portrait (w/ informal moments, such as playful expressions/scenes) - i↑’g care and emotional relationship for nuclear family  Liberation of sexuality from theology (i.e. in marriage w/o goal of procreation)  No longer was wife interchangeable or replaceable  Decline of kin responsibility b/c of economic concerns  d↓ of child #s as not economic to raise a child if they cannot give him/her full attention,/love,/needs/wants  With attention given to wet nurses, poor treatment, and swaddling, i↑ of maternal care, d↓ of abandonment, and earlier age given for child to move about and exercise motor abilities - notion that parents wanted to nurture child more, hence, want to be the one to hold and touch child instead of a wet-nurse - i↑’g mothers who breastfeed instead of wet-nurses - practice of wet-nurses largely confined to wealthy classes as they were becoming more expensive  Discipline: - permissive amongst parents (floggings and beatings no longer as acceptable) - aar parents complained they had to persuade children rather than ordering them about - parents talked about spoiling of children  Clothes: - still constrains for girls (so as to catch attention of future husbands) - girls had to move in slow languid mvmts; slimness emphasized  Malnourished and maltreated children
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