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January, 4, 2012.docx

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SOC 101
Barry Mc Clinchey

January, 4, 2012 Sociology mysoclab What is Sociology? -research what people do -look at society from a different perspective than other people -the study of everything people do ex. Crime, government, education, Major areas or Sociological inquiry  Sociological Theory  Culture  Socialization  Groups and Organizations (how they work, pick leaders, organize, influence)  Crime and Deviance  Social stratification and Class (media ( how does marketing and advertising influence us)  Education What do Sociologist do?  They watch how people have more money than others)  Global Stratification (global economy)  Race and Ethnic relations  Sex and Gender (biologically male or female and the attitudes and behaviours we have adapted to being male and female)  Religion (how does religion influence peoples behaviours)  mass people and try to explain why people do what they do  What is your "sociological imagination  The Origins of Sociology  Classical Sociological Theories What makes sociologist different than the ordinary person? -sociologist are more attentive to peoples behaviours and why people make the choices they make  Seeing the general in the particular  when a sociologist goes down town unlike the ordinary person they when they see a homeless person they would interact with this homeless person, and think about why this person is homeless and what happened. Is it the governments fault because they closed all mental hospitals?  A sociologist sees the GENERAL (why are they homeless) in the PARTICULAR (the homeless person)  Think about what is familiar and see it as strange  the familiar is visiting the coffee shop and the sociologist sees what people are doing and interacting with one another  ex. people arguing or socializing Engaging your sociological Imagination  Our perception of ourselves and others are the products of many factors, for example: 1) Minority Status - we are the product of all interactions that happen - sometimes this may bring complications 2) Gender -has a lot to do with our choices, limitations in life 3)Socioeconomic status (working class, middle class) 4) Family Structure -family life and setting 5) Urban-Rural Differences  How have factors such as these affected the person you have become today? Positivism and Anti-Positivism  Positivism: there is a truth out there that you can discover with a theory , assume that something can be known and backed up with theory 1) there exists an objective knowable reality 2) Singular explanation 3)Value-free -one correct answer -QUANTIATIVE  Anti-Positivism: people that believe strongly that they think that all this pursuit about ab2solute truth is nonsense; there can be more than one answer -Reject all of the above -would conduct a research experiment by doing interviews with people, analyzing what they're doing -QUALITATIVE Sociologist are in one of the above two groups Macro and Micro approaches  Macro sociology -Quantitative and Positivism -refers to attempting to understand society as a whole -big patterns of what's going on for the entire country -Mark and Durkheim  Micro sociology -Qualitative and Anti-Positivism -refers to attempting to understand individual or small group dynamics -very small niche groups Classical Social Theories  Functionalism (late 1800's) -most common sociologist -consensus perspective -laws are in place to make our world predictable and safe -believe that society -education system is there fo
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