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SOC101 Lecture Notes - Reality Television, Cultural Capital, Total Institution

Course Code
Barry Mc Clinchey

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January 30, 2013
Chapter: 6
1. Nature vs. Nurture
1. The Biological Approach (Nature)
Biological capability leads to evolved desire
o Ex. men’s ability to impregnate multiple women leads to desire to have multiple
sexual partners, preference given to biologically ‘perfect’ women
2. Environmental Approach (Nurture)
Behavioural differences based on socialization and interaction
Becoming “Human”
Only organism that can think about thinking
Personality: individuals relatively stable pattern of behaviours and feelings
Nature vs. Nurture: the debate between whether biological forces or environmental define the person we
Socialization: the lifelong process by which we learn our culture, develop our personalities, and become
functioning members of society
Social interaction: the ways in which people interact in social settings, recognizing each person’s
subjective experiences and/or intentions
The Nature Argument
True or False
Sociologists disregard the nature argument in its entirety
o Athletic and ability and intellectual capability attributed in part to biology
Research: men and women have different brain structures influencing their response to the world
Sociobiology: a science that uses evolutionary theory and genetic inheritance to examine the
biological roots of social behaviour
o Konrad Lorenz
o Edward O. Wilson: social behaviour of ants
Socialbiology: The New Synthesis: principles of Darwinism human behaviours
are selected for and passed on through generations
o Social behaviour evolves over time to ensure survival of the species
o Attributes helping an individual to produce offspring selected for, attributes diminishing
individual’s ability to produce offspring – selected against
Evolutionary psychology: relabelled form of sociobiology that argues that Darwinian inheritance
can explain contemporary human behaviour
o John Patton : Achuar Indians of Ecuador have one of the world’s highest murder rates,
killing part of their culture selected for over generations
o Victor Nell: young men drive faster than women and older men, sense of invincibility at the
ting and fighting age (16-20)
Disregards humans ability to think before they act, reflection afterwards as well
The Nurture Argument
Social Isolation and Feral Children
o Kinsley Davis: Anna, mentally challenged
o Wild Children: isolated from human contact at a very young age
Sociologists believe that social reality is constructed
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