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Socialization and Social Interaction

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University of Waterloo
SOC 101
Barry Mc Clinchey

[SOCIALIZATION AND SOCIAL INTERACTION] January 30, 2013 1. Nature vs. Nurture 1. The Biological Approach (Nature)  Biological capability leads to evolved desire o Ex. men’s ability to impregnate multiple women leads to desire to have multiple sexual partners, preference given to biologically ‘perfect’ women  Instinctual 2. Environmental Approach (Nurture)  Behavioural differences based on socialization and interaction Becoming “Human”  Only organism that can think about thinking  Personality: individuals relatively stable pattern of behaviours and feelings  Nature vs. Nurture: the debate between whether biological forces or environmental define the person we become  Socialization: the lifelong process by which we learn our culture, develop our personalities, and become functioning members of society  Social interaction: the ways in which people interact in social settings, recognizing each person’s subjective experiences and/or intentions The Nature Argument True or False  Sociologists disregard the nature argument in its entirety o Athletic and ability and intellectual capability attributed in part to biology  Research: men and women have different brain structures influencing their response to the world  Sociobiology: a science that uses evolutionary theory and genetic inheritance to examine the biological roots of social behaviour o Konrad Lorenz o Edward O. Wilson: social behaviour of ants  Socialbiology: The New Synthesis: principles of Darwinism – human behaviours are selected for and passed on through generations o Social behaviour evolves over time to ensure survival of the species o Attributes helping an individual to produce offspring – selected for, attributes diminishing individual’s ability to produce offspring – selected against  Evolutionary psychology: relabelled form of sociobiology that argues that Darwinian inheritance can explain contemporary human behaviour o John Patton : Achuar Indians of Ecuador have one of the world’s highest murder rates, killing part of their culture – selected for over generations o Victor Nell: young men drive faster than women and older men, sense of invincibility at the ting and fighting age (16-20)  Disregards humans ability to think before they act, reflection afterwards as well The Nurture Argument  Social Isolation and Feral Children o Kinsley Davis: Anna, mentally challenged o Wild Children: isolated from human contact at a very young age 6  Sociologists believe that social reality is constructed  Socialization Chapter: 1 [SOCIALIZATION AND SOCIAL INTERACTION] January 30, 2013  Social interaction 2. Symbolic Interactionism and the Development of the Self  The Self is comprised of a set of learned values and attitudes which develop through social interaction  Self-image is the conception that one has of oneself o Key component of personality  Cooley’s looking-glass self o What we think of ourselves is influenced by how we think others see us  Mead’s conception of the self (I and Me) George Herbert Mead  I, element of self that is spontaneous, creative, impulsive, and often unpredictable  Me, socialized element of the self  Significant others, people we want to impress or gain approval from  Generalized other, compilation of attributes associated with t
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