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SOC 101 (300)

Education in Canada - SOC 101

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University of Waterloo
SOC 101
Barry Mc Clinchey

Lectures about assignment in SOC 101 Education in Canada  Institution responsible for the transmission of knowledge, akills, values, and attitudes deemed desirable  Formal education – regulated and organized by the state  Informal education – stresses societal norms and History of Public education  Residential schools o Earliest forms of formal education Education and the state (aboriginal, “Indian” Residential Schools in the U.S. and Canada)  Based on Ward Churchill’s “Kill the Indian, Save the Man” 2004 o People thought that Indian were not human because they’re not Christian o Get rid of the Indian children and rebuild them or replace them with a reproductive member of the society (the idea behind the residential school system) o By around 1885, the western territories in Canada and the U.S. were secured o Both states looked to securing the land and moving… dafuq o Policies were developed to:  Supplant the traditional mode of defining group members by genealogy (kinship)  Prohibit spiritual practices by compelling Christianity  Disperse native populations as widely as possible  Reshape traditional modes of governance o An initiative begun in both the U.s> and Canada in the 1870’s was to accomplish these goals. o The development of residential schools was to endure for almost 100 years. o Every single aboriginal child was to be removed from his or her: home, family, community, and culture o THIS WAS TO HAPPEN AT THE EARLIEST POSSIBLE AGE o Aboriginal children were to be held for years in state-sponsored “educational facilities” and systematically be decultured o In Canada the schools were known as residential schools, in the U.S. boarding schools o Children (indian) were taught to see themselves in terms of the dominant society o The head of the U.S. boarding school system was Captain Richard henry Pratt in 1879 o Pratt was an army captain and was once the warden of the Fort Marion military Prison o Pratt was also the superintendent of the Indian industrial School at Carlisle, Penn. o After opening the model school in Carlisle, Pratt was able to resign his military commission and devote his time to educating Indians o The Objective of the federal school system in the U.S. was stated by Pratt to be:  To “kill the Indian, save the man” in every pupil  Pratt developed successful techniques for: o “ideological conversion” o Prison industries which would become profit making ventures o Many American “boarding schools” were modeled after his prison concepts HISTORY OF PUBLIC EDUCATION  Residential schools o Earliest forms of formal education o Re-socialize aboriginal people to become civil
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