Class Notes (839,398)
Canada (511,327)
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SOC 101 (300)

Education Lecture Notes

4 Pages

Course Code
SOC 101
Barry Mc Clinchey

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Education Chapter 9 EducationinCanada -Institution responsible for the transmission of knowledge, skills, values and attitudes deemed desirable -Formal Education regulated and organized by the state -Informal Education stresses societal norms and values, working to socialize the net generation HistoryofPublicEducation - Residential schools o Earliest forms of formal education o Re-socialize aboriginal people to become ‘civilized - Mass Education o Industrialization and immigration o Education viewed as essential to economic development o Ontario first to offer free, compulsory education o Girls and Boys educated differently makes given vocational training in preparation…. CurrentEducationalRates - Significant rise in post-secondary educational attainment - Massification of higher education participation - High school diploma does not translate into the same kind of pay as it could a few decades ago - Women account for 58.2% of full-tome undergraduate students (2004- 2005) mostly middle class - Compared to other OECD countries, Canada fares well SociologicalApproachestoEducation Functionalism - Parsons (1959) o Schools need to both serve and reflect the values and interests of the society in which they operate - Schools help maintain equilibrium of social system o Act as a sorting mechanism for future roles in society (through allocation of grades) o Teaches students how to function in the larger society (socialization) - Criticism: clings to idea of society as a meritocracy, ignoring one’s social location Conflict Theory - Schooling serves the capitalist aims of profit and compliant workers - Bowles and Gintis (1976) o Correspondence principle prevails between schools and workplace o Similar means of motivating behavior and authority structures o Students from privileged class backgrounds more likely to continue to higher levels of schooling o Schools work to prevent social class mobility Symbolic Interactionism - Examine meanings attached to school practices - Howard Becker (1952) o Teacher- imposed labels can lead to a self-fulfilling prophecy o Through interactive process one comes to embody a label - Contemporary studies show the self-fulfilling prophecy remains a concern especially in relation to gender, race and class Feminist Theory - Early feminist studies o Focused on the sexism embedded in both school texts and classroom practices o Women represented as passive objects or altogether absent o Teacher’s engage more with boys than with girls - Contemporary feminist studies: o Continues to focus on gendered patterns of interaction o Boys continue to have more classroom interaction with teachers o Behavour that is accepted from boys is corrected in girls o Sex
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