SOC101 Lecture Notes - High School Diploma, Compulsory Education, Correspondence Principle

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Published on 12 Apr 2013
School
University of Waterloo
Department
Sociology
Course
SOC101
Education
Chapter 9
Education in Canada
-Institution responsible for the transmission of knowledge, skills, values
and attitudes deemed desirable
-Formal Education regulated and organized by the state
-Informal Education stresses societal norms and values, working to
socialize the net generation
History of Public Education
-Residential schools
oEarliest forms of formal education
oRe-socialize aboriginal people to become ‘civilized
-Mass Education
oIndustrialization and immigration
oEducation viewed as essential to economic development
oOntario first to offer free, compulsory education
oGirls and Boys educated differently makes given vocational training
in preparation….
Current Educational Rates
- Significant rise in post-secondary educational attainment
-Massification of higher education participation
-High school diploma does not translate into the same kind of pay as it
could a few decades ago
-Women account for 58.2% of full-tome undergraduate students (2004-
2005) mostly middle class
-Compared to other OECD countries, Canada fares well
Sociological Approaches to Education
Functionalism
-Parsons (1959)
oSchools need to both serve and reflect the values and interests of
the society in which they operate
-Schools help maintain equilibrium of social system
oAct as a sorting mechanism for future roles in society (through
allocation of grades)
oTeaches students how to function in the larger society
(socialization)
-Criticism: clings to idea of society as a meritocracy, ignoring one’s social
location
Conflict Theory
-Schooling serves the capitalist aims of profit and compliant workers
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Document Summary

Institution responsible for the transmission of knowledge, skills, values and attitudes deemed desirable. Formal education regulated and organized by the state. Informal education stresses societal norms and values, working to socialize the net generation. High school diploma does not translate into the same kind of pay as it could a few decades ago. Women account for 58. 2% of full-tome undergraduate students (2004: mostly middle class. Compared to other oecd countries, canada fares well. Parsons (1959: schools need to both serve and reflect the values and interests of the society in which they operate. Schools help maintain equilibrium of social system: act as a sorting mechanism for future roles in society (through, teaches students how to function in the larger society allocation of grades) (socialization) Criticism: clings to idea of society as a meritocracy, ignoring one"s social location. Schooling serves the capitalist aims of profit and compliant workers.

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