SOC101 Lecture Notes - Intersex, Binary Opposition, Liposuction

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Published on 12 Apr 2013
School
University of Waterloo
Department
Sociology
Course
SOC101
Chapter 8- Gender
1. Sex and Gender
- Sex
-Biologically rooted; describes our physical bodies whereby we distinguish
between male and female
-Categorized based on binaries implying diametrical opposites “opposite sex”
-Gender
-socially constructed characteristics associated with girls and boys, men and
women
-masculinity and femininity
-also suggests binary opposition
Problematizing Sex/Gender Distinction
-Intersexed Individuals
-born with ambiguous genitalia
-how we decide who is male and who is female?
-not clear if they are male or female
-Transgender and Transsexual Individuals
-Transgender used as an umbrella term for those who do not fit into normative
constrictions of sex and gender
-Transsexual used to encompass those who undergo sex reassignment
(realignment)
2. Masculinity and Femininity
Culturally dominant forms of masculinity and femininity:
-Hegemonic Masculinity: (Connell, 1987)
-Ideal of masculinity that men are supposed to strive to achieve
-Derives from Gramsci
-Requires men to be successful, capable, and reliable
-Irrevocably tied to heterosexuality
-~ how does our media and connections, etc, reinforce what it means to be male
and how do we build on that and reproduce it from one generation to the next
-Emphasized Femininity:
-Based on women’s compliance with their subordination to men
-Requires women to be supportive, enthusiastic, sexually attractive
--What would you say about the portrayal of each gender in Disney films?
--look at commercials
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Document Summary

Biologically rooted; describes our physical bodies whereby we distinguish between male and female. Categorized based on binaries implying diametrical opposites opposite sex . Socially constructed characteristics associated with girls and boys, men and women. Not clear if they are male or female. Transgender used as an umbrella term for those who do not fit into normative constrictions of sex and gender. Transsexual used to encompass those who undergo sex reassignment (realignment: masculinity and femininity. Ideal of masculinity that men are supposed to strive to achieve. Requires men to be successful, capable, and reliable. ~ how does our media and connections, etc, reinforce what it means to be male and how do we build on that and reproduce it from one generation to the next. Based on women"s compliance with their subordination to men. Requires women to be supportive, enthusiastic, sexually attractive. -look at commercials: reproducing gender: families and education.

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