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Lecture 5

Lecture 5 Notes Complete, in-depth analysis of lecture 5 notes + overview of chapter 8 in "Exploring Sociology"!!!!


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC101
Professor
Barry Mc Clinchey
Lecture
5

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SOC 101 001: Lecture 6
Lecture 5: Social Inequality Gender - Chapter 8
Wednesday, October 20, 2010
SEX & GENDER
Sex
- Biologically rooted; describes our physical bodies whereby distinguish between male and
female
- Social scientists: categorize based on binaries implying diametrical opposites “opposite sex”
o Notion that our understanding of humanness that we are different, male or female
Gender
- Socially constructed: what makes us males and females is a socially constructed thing that
we do (make males and females)
- Characteristics associated with girls and boys, men and women
- Nature vs. Nurture
- Society shapes gender within humans
- Masculinity & femininity
- Males and females do things differently. Why?
- Also suggests binary opposition
PROBLEMATIZING SEX/GENDER DISTINCTION
Intersexed individuals
- Born with ambiguous genitalia (penis & vagina)
- How do we decide who is male and who is female?
Transvestite and Transsexual individuals
- Transgender
- Transsexual
- Transvestite
“The Pregnant Man”: Thomas Beatie
MASCULINITY & FEMININITY
Hegemonic Masculinity (Connell, 1987)
- Ideal of masculinity that men are supposed to strive to achieve
- Derives from Gramsci
- Irrevocably tie to heterosexuality: either one or the other
Emphasized Femininity
- Based on women’s compliance with their subordination to men
- Requires women to be supportive, enthusiastic, and sexually attractive
REPRODUCING GENDER: Agents of socialization
Families
- Gender expectations begin at birth
- Child-rearing practices are deeply gendered: different ways parents interact with girls than
with boys
- Parents spend more time talking to girls while leaving boys alone; punish their sons more
often than daughters
- Gendered divisions of household labour: Children notice division a young age
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