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Lecture 8

Lecture 8 Notes Complete in-depth analysis of Lecture 8 notes + notes taken from chapter 13 of "Exploring Sociology"!!!!

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SOC 101
Barry Mc Clinchey

SOC 101001 Lecture 9 Religion Wednesday November 10 2010THEORETICAL INSIGHTS INTO RELIGION Functionalism Durkheim 1912 1954All religions originate in society separating the world into the profane and the sacredThe profane encompasses the secular aspects of life objects practices behaviours Sacred originates within the members of society who assign special meaning to certain objects or ritualsReligion is strong source of social power that could inspire collective actionLimitations include Religion is not purely functionalSome religions are strict and deny people ability to think for themselves Durkheims analysis of sacred and profane is overly rigid and does not fit anthropological record religions compete with many social institutions to achieve personal identity functionalist analysis fails to recognize the roles of social class power etc and because religion is expression of collective conscience it suggests little opportunity for individuals to think for themselvesConflict Theory 3 primary assumptions 1 Religion is socially constructed and built upon economic relationships 2 Religion diminishes feelings of frustration resulting from the forces of alienation 3 Religion is used by the social political and economic elite to control the workers Marx religion is the opiate of the peopleUsed as a form of social control to prevent the proletariat to view the world as they see it todayBefore people could be truly happy they have to throw off their blinds and see their true exploited positionTo understand religion one must understand social economic and political landscapeSymbolic InteractionismImportant source of rituals and symbols that help to define peoples perceptions of their social world Important element of symbolic interactionism is how they combine to influence how people see themselvesRituals help to reinforce group membership o Ritual as remembering o Ritual as social bonding o Ritual as regulating moral behaviouro Ritual as empowerment Three phases of conversion Andersen and Taylor 2006 Questioning phaseIncorporationIntense interaction Feminist Theory Elizabeth Cady Stanton 18151902 The womens Biblecorrecting biblical interpretation biased against womenWritten by men and constitutes a clear expression of the patriarchal culture In virtually all religions women have lower statusWomen are portrayed as unclean because of birth impulsive etc
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