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Lecture 3

SOC101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Antonio Gramsci, Michel Foucault, Bell Hooks

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Barry Mc Clinchey

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What are the Modern Social Theories?
Western Marxism
Feminist Theories (micro issues and macro issues)
Queer Theory
Post-Colonial Theory
Anti-Racist Theories
Western Marxism
Antonio Gramsci
oDiverged from Marx in his analysis of how the ruling class ruled
oDomination; physical and violent coercion
oHegemony; ideological control and manipulation
Society’s dominant ideas reflect the interests of the ruling class
Involves consent
Feminist Theories
Core concern for gender oppression
Women and men should be equals
Men have social power and thus an interest in maintaining their social privilege
over women
Dorothy Smith (micro)
oSociology for women
oIf women are trying to understand the social world of women, the feminist
must develop special an specific to the very life of women
oThe Everyday World as Problematic
Begins in the ‘actualities’ of people’s lives, and addresses
problems of how we are influenced by “extra-local” relations
Everyday world
Standpoint theory (point of view of women in that world)
bell hooks
oBlack feminist thought
oRarely recognized black women as separate from black men
ohook argues against universal assumptions about women’s experiences
Concerned with how knowledge is socially produced
Michel Foucault
o(Power, Knowledge and Discourse)
oPower created within social relationships, multidimensional found
everywhere and always at work
oKnowledge can never be separated from relations of power
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