Class Notes (838,386)
Canada (510,872)
Sociology (717)
SOC 101 (300)

Lecture 5

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SOC 101
Barry Mc Clinchey

Socialization continuedThe familyFamily is often regarded as the first most important agent of socializationFamily experiences are influenced by many factors including the age which parents have children social class ethnicity and family sizeSocialization is a two way process People are affected by their sorroundings but theyinterpret their experienceoThis is called reciprocal socializationThe peer groupThe peer group is often regarded as the second most important agent in socializationAlthough peers may not intent on socializing us they affect us because they provide companionship and approvalAdolescence is a time when peer influence is quite strongPeers allow youth to develop their identities and the may reinforce both positive and negative affectsResearch shows that peer pressure is a relatively shortterm influenceSchoolsSchool provide unique environments separate from familyGovernment considers the family as a deficient agent of socialization why children start school at such an early ageAlthough studentteacher interactions are important schools play a role at the macro level That is they shape the values and beliefs of studentsSchools also channel students through programs to prepare them for the workplaceYouths in Canada today are more educated than their parents and grandparent generations Consequently school have more influence than ever beforeCanadian children have unequal educational opportunitiesDropout rates are high among black and ab0original youths as well as those of Portuguese Hispanic and MiddleEastern backgroundsThe Hidden CurriculumMany Canadian youth experience hidden curriculum This process refers to unequal educational opportunities because of classism racism sexismThe hidden curriculum has the effect of preventing subordinate groups from equal participation in societyMass media
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