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SOC 201 (25)
Lecture

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC 201
Professor
Barry Mc Clinchey
Semester
Fall

Description
SOC 201: Victims and Society Lecture #2: Tuesday September 17th 2013 Patients and the Elderly • Factors that play a role in Elder Abuse – Gender – Age – Race – Level of frustration – Anger or despair as a consequence of being victimized – Past history – Living arrangements – Level of financial or emotional dependence on others (relationships of intimacy, dependence, power, trust or authority – Psychological and mental factors – Environmental factors – Systematic factors Understanding Victimization • The ability to clearly define the term “victim” • Makes studying the complexities of victimization difficulty • A clear working definition is critical to studying the complexities of this subject Three Concerns • Definitions of victims (including types of victims) FINDING THE VICTIMS • The availability of data • Understanding the challenges in studying victims Victim Services Victim Services Unit – Waterloo Regional Police Service • Gather surface data, victim data, break and enter data, sexual assault data etc • Police services do gather their own data • They also have counselors who provide emotional support to these victims • Whole process is aimed at helping people cooperate in the prosecution of the offender Bathurst NB Crash 2008 • the highway and killedg home and hit by a truck on • One of the most deadly vehicle accidents that have ever happened • The seven young men who were the obvious victims were not the only victims of this tragedy – Parents of the basketball players – Partners – Siblings – Friends – Classmates – Community members We can begin by identifying the event • There will be individuals who clearly identify themselves as victims and recognize themselves as victims • These same individuals will also be identified by others as the “victim(s)” • We will refer to these individuals as Primary Victims Secondary Victims • Immediate family and friends • Emotionally close to the primary victims • Often the first to be with him or her • Often an active part of the recovery process • The social emotional proximity of the secondary victim allows responses of hurt and harm Tertiary Victims • Individuals who are not close to the primary victims – Members of the community • They feel, or bothered by what they are seeing • Often these victims are members of the primary victim’s larger community Event Outcomes • Many people are emotionally moved by the circumstances of the primary victim • They represent “event outcomes” Challenges in Measuring Victims • Victims may be uncomfortable talking about their experiences • The type of offence may have a bearing on data collection – Sexual offences sometimes hard to get data from • Samples are often very difficult to obtain There are a number of research methods which can be used • Qualitative methods in which interviews and observations are used – Collect data that don’t require numerical data • Interviews, studying historical – Qualitative researchers go out in the world and talk to people – Expensive, tiring, takes a long time – One of the better way
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