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Lecture

Lec 05 socio - politics.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC 205
Professor
Richard Ennis
Semester
Fall

Description
Lec 05 Thursday, February-09-12 Politics  Max weber, classical sociologist, specialized in many things and politics was one of them  Fine definitions in lecture  When u think of politics u think of power, institutionalized system, hand out power, agenda society, and where are we going in society  Every society rests on power, and they call it the ability to desire the gold and resistance  California the occupiers there were not really moving  Ability is to achieve desire without assistance  The exercise of power is a form of government  Legitimacy  authority comprises institutions that formulate and carry out country’s laws and public policies in performing these functions, the state regulates citizens in civil society, or private sphere of social life  The nanny state  if u ride a bike u must wear a helmet  Many studies done with riding a bike with or without helmets, there are no rates of mortality for whether u wear it or not  Be aware politicians always say that this tax is temp but it always stays there forever…  Power can become legitimized, when it does it becomes authority  Governments try to get what they want by threatening people especially in democracies … people in demo being justified  You have to try and gain legitimacy, you have to try to operate somehow…  What people always try to do is gain legitimacy  There are three ways throughout history ot across history that says hour is legitimized  People basically agree on how political things run, the power to force people to do things. When it is legitimized it becomes authority  When you legitimize power you institutionalize it  Ex: in Canada the government cannot use power or coercion when it wants it can only use it during certain situations ex: dedaring a state of emergency   Legal rational authority how a person can achieve power? Run for a party, when people go about it the right way according to the rules then society will go with it according to how its set up  Total power and totalism \  When the state has total power people cant resist, soviet union had total power which ended over a period of time which ened up killing millions of people.  Exporer niro in rome people are protesting in streets you have to fix the problem, and he say let them hate until they fear, but society cannot operate that way  Dull continuity  keeps going on century ater century, nothing changes much, the occupational structure stays the same, and nothing changes  Black smith  passed his occupation onto his son, work maker, masson people who work in making stones… in the world we live in u will not be doing what your parents ar e doing instead u will be doing something different  The monarchy in the middle ages  ruled the traditional authority by devine ight, kings/queens ruling the devine rights of kings.. the reason is because god selected us. And you cannot go against that because you will be going against god. So they believed in god  We have done it this way, time out of mind.  Traditional authority thribes when people share the same world view. As the division of labour increases it fragments people because ur occupations affect the way you think  Because there are soo many diff occupations  Tradition disappears when in modern societies  The prime minister picks who will be gov.  Patriarchy again today is contestant  Power in modern societies is litimized by rational legal arguments  The law is applied equally to everyone  PEERS  we refer to peers interms of people who are your equal. Tribery… we say you are thrived by your peers  Superiority and beurocracy .  modern society is ruled by them utsc is a burrocracy  utilitarian they are there to achieve goals. Burrocracy has utility and they are meant to be something.  Burrocracy gazes specialization  When u teach people to be generalists they are more open  When u trach people in specialist they are more closed and into a cubicle  So you have to teach people everything  Authority is organization specific  The boss can only control your behavior on the job nowhere else  Authority is restricted to   Weber and authority  charismatic authority  sometimes they are inspired by god and sometimes by higher principle  Over through existing political institutions  Charismatic individual is somebody with exceptional qualities  Dull continuity becomes volatile, its explosive and it can rouse people like it normally does  It can turn the world upside down  Keep in mind that legal authority is abstract  Coatified rule is a rule that is written down  Charisma is irrational driven by the individual, its originalized and that’s why people say its illegal  Original magnetism  u can draw people to you and lead them, sometimes people call it charismatic species. Species magnetism. Peole like ppl for no reason, the reason is irrational and you cannot explain it. You don’t have to be nice to be charismatic.  Hitler  charismatic personality  he lead people and they followed him. Diabolical charisma  intranzingly evil,  55 million deaths, Germany followed hitler until the end of the edge  Species magnetism  Another charismatic revolutional leader is  name seen on tee-shirts named chay levata  He was killed, tall like Napolian and like hitler, tall, and French followed him off to a cliff  Charisma also played a huge role in religion. Charisma of the prophet or prophetic charisma  TAOism, BUDISM, JUDISM, ISLAM, CHRIST/Christian  Civil rights legislations past the American congress, in 1960s.  During that time of black history there was a charismatic person like Malcolm X for instance.  Malcolm X Dynamic or a dynamo. A charismatic guy. Someone people followed. They did not have a reason as to why they followed him; they were just very drawn and attracted to this individual.  Pathetic Charisma  is revolutionary and changes things and has had a huge impact on global history.  what Weber does is find change within social dynamic individuals.  Discipleship or Disciples. Charismatic people have disciples, these are people who follow the leaders and they do this with absolute devotion and loyalty.  So when you have a disciple, attached to a charismatic prophet that turns on that prophet like “Judas.”  Judas betrayed Jesus, in english if you call somebody a “Judas” it means someone who is disloyal. Even In the dictionary if u look up “Judas” it says someone who stabbed someone in the back. A betrayer.  The charismatic leaders against legitimacy, particularly the prophetic charismatic leader, gains legitimacy by making a claim to be the chosen one.  It’s kind of like defining king. Ex: a king is chosen by ultimate power or ultimate authority. So very often when you see charismatic prophets, they are written up this way as powerful. They have powers that can conduct miracles.  The chosen one, sometimes people call them the messiah.  the purpose of the chosen one is to gain following through miracles to prove the divine connection.  Charismatic prophets often offer New dispensation new way of getting salvation, new religion and a new way of gaining salvation.  Charisma because its so individualized is unstable  [why so?] because the charismatic leaders are no different from the rest of
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