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Lecture 9

Lecture 9 Class Notes.docx

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SOC 222
Jennifer L Schulenberg

92 Integrated TheoriesInteractional or Integrated Theories can better represent how we interact with others in certain environmentsMore influential integrated explanations for delinquency o Thornberrys general theory of delinquencyo Latent trait versus life course theorieso Loebers interconnected pathwayso Farringtons developmental theoryo Sampson and Laubs agegraded theoryo Social development model of antisocial behaviourThornberrys General Theory of Delinquency By combining social control theories with social learning theories Thornberry argues that factors effect a legal behaviour differently depending on how old the juvenile is at the timeDelinquent behaviour should be understood as events occurring in a developmental way where some factors increase the likelihood of delinquency more at certain agesThis theory divides the theoretical explanation up into three age groups o Early adolescence 1113 years of ageo Middle adolescence 1516 years of ageo Later adolescence 1820 years of age Main premise of Thornberrys theory Delinquency is not the final product of the social processDelinquency will lead too Development of delinquent values which then o Deterioration of social bonds which then cause o More attachments to delinquent peers and ultimately o More delinquencyThe fundamental cause of delinquency lies in the weakening of social constraint over the conduct of individualsThornberryThornberrys General Theory of Delinquency ages 1516The model lists 5 major causes of delinquency and 6 if we recognize that prior delinquency influences subsequent delinquencyEach is broadly defined and incorporates more specific causes o Ex Attachment to parents includes the relationship between the parent and child parenting skills and communication patterns etc Theres a variety of ways to measure family dynamicsThe causes have reciprocal effects on each other o Attachments to parents influences associations with delinquent peers which in turn influences the attachments to parents againDemographics are also taken into account o Example lower class juveniles are more likely to have scores conducive to crimeIt only draws on certain theories It lists many of the major causes of delinquency it does describe the relationship in effect and accounts for the larger social environment
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