Neo- classical theory
Intended to modify and strengthen classical theory
Agreement with many of classical theory’s principles
Recognized differences in criminal circumstances
Suggested that in certain areas classical control strategies should be more
Pre-mediation: the prior planning of an act = severe penalty
First time offender: “freer in will” than repeat offenders. A repeated
offender can be committing a crime as a habit.
Mitigating circumstances: physical and environment factors considered in
determining and offender’s responsibility- weather, stress, situational
Positive school of criminology: holds that if we wish to control crime, must
focus on causes of crime. What induces a criminal to commit a crime? E.g.
biological factors, psychological factors.
Adopted child syndrome: those who are adopted are more likely to suffer
from a cluster of symptoms that makes them more likely to get involved in
Cherambault- Kandinsky syndrome: a judge who was accused of having
stalked his former lover. Those who suffer are unable to control their actions.
Strips people of their free will. The syndrome refers to love sickness. You are
powerless to resist bad behaviour.
Failure to file syndrome: stems from an overall inability to act in one’s own
interest even though one is actively anxious about a clear and present
Fan obsession syndrome: caused by repeated exposure over time and