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Lecture 5

SOC229 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Deterrence Theory, Barter, Dysfunctional Family

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Fred Desroches

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Prison Riots – Week 3 (Sept 21)
Detail of the Hostages in the Prison Riot
- Typical hostages are the guards
- Undesirables are also hostages in a prison riot b/c they are captured and they are
treated badly and cannot escape
oIn Kingston the undesirables were not set free
- The contrast between how guards and undesirables are treated
oOnce guards are taken down to capture them they are not harmed afterwards
- Prisoners are oppressive institutions
oThe people control them and repress them are the guards
oThe inmate code is adversarial
- When inmates get the chance why do they not attack the guards?
o(3) Repercussions
Deterrence theory: control people through the fear of punishment
Official punishment within the prison for attacking guards
Denied parole
Informal punishment
Prison riots only last a few days, the guards will be in charge again, once
they are back the inmates can be treated very badly afterwards
Fear of repercussions can protect the undesirables to some degree
The leaders fear that there will be repercussions if the guards are killed,
they haven’t done anything to protect them
o(5) Barter
Inmates typically use guards as the barter for negotiations
Without the guards you have a prison disturbance, the admins can just
take the prison by force
Admins will not take over by force if the guards are hostage, they
threaten it
Important reason on why guards are protected and not harmed
o (4) Reward
For people who actively protect the guards
The leaders have people who will protect the guards as well
There are provisions given to inmates who assist guards
More privileges, more freedom of movement
o(1) Morals – guards are still seen as an authoritative figure
Most inmates hold conventional values
Strong morals to harming a guard
Guards are seen as family people, raising children, going to work, doing a
difficult job
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