SOC 229 Lecture 12: SOC Drug Trafficking

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SOC
Drug Trafficking
-drug offences - a designated drug offences includes trafficking, possession for the purpose of
trafficking, importing, exporting, production or conspiracy/attempt to commit, being an
accessory after the fact in relation to any of these offences
-does not include actual possession or consumption
-controlled substances - tylenol
-illicit drugs - cocaine, marijuana, heroine
-controlled drug and substances act - maximums have been increased
-harsh penalties for possession and trafficking with the exception of Canada until recently
-Asian countries = could be sentenced to death
-hard stance on drugs across the world
Prohibition - early 1900’s
-banning of illicit substances - alcohol
-the more you repress something, the more likely there is for groups to want to engage in it
-high demand for drugs - black market = higher risk, more crime, price goes up
-Safer streets and Communities Act - 2011
-introduction of mandatory minimums
-increase in maximum sentences (heroine possession = 7 to 14 years)
-no more discharges
-prohibition - how we see drugs nowadays
Law Enforcement
-drug trafficking is a non-predatory crime - consensual
-victimless - no force or coercion
-no formal complaint - no witness
- police - drug trafficking is wrong and criminal
-police are justified as being more aggressive in how the investigate drug trafficking
-surveillance, wire taps, invasive policies
-problems:
-privacy concept is infringed upon
-crime control approach - police officers are granted the legitimacy to be proactive
-victimless - going after drug trafficking in modern times as aggressively as we do is quite
arbitrary
Two Perspectives
-its criminal
-its victimless
The Crime that Pays
-it actually does pay - compared to robbery, it yields high rewards
-high level trafficking
-high level traffickers are not typically caught for a long time
1. RCMP/police doesn't have a lot of resources
2. Very strict criteria to go after traffickers - go after large offenders, dealing in hard
drugs, prioritize groups that involve violence (limits who they can go after)
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Document Summary

Drug offences - a designated drug offences includes traf cking, possession for the purpose of traf cking, importing, exporting, production or conspiracy/attempt to commit, being an accessory after the fact in relation to any of these offences. Does not include actual possession or consumption. Controlled drug and substances act - maximums have been increased. Harsh penalties for possession and traf cking with the exception of canada until recently. Asian countries = could be sentenced to death. Hard stance on drugs across the world. The more you repress something, the more likely there is for groups to want to engage in it. High demand for drugs - black market = higher risk, more crime, price goes up. Safer streets and communities act - 2011. Increase in maximum sentences (heroine possession = 7 to 14 years) Prohibition - how we see drugs nowadays. Drug traf cking is a non-predatory crime - consensual. Police - drug traf cking is wrong and criminal.

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