SOC229 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Social Learning Theory, Network Theory, Anomie

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SOC
CH 1, 3
The Crime That Pays Reading
Hierarchy
-supplier/source - person above one in the chain who buys the drugs
-importer - connections in source countries and smuggle drugs into Canada
-growers - grow marajuana
-distributor/wholesaler - purchase drugs in large quantities and sell them to other dealers
down the chain
-high level dealers - suppliers, importers and distributors
-low level/pushers/retailers - sell the drugs at a street level
Retail Drug Selling
-independently employed
-deal to a smaller social circle
-typically male
-sell in small quantities
-deal on the side of another job
-deal to support their own addiction or turn a very tiny profit
-use first then become dealers - behaviour and then the motivation
-low education and very few high paying job opportunities - therefore menial work
-anomie theory - drug dealing is an adaption to not having a high paying job
-arrests are common
High Level Drug Traffickers
-enormous incomes
-a small group to deal
-business men, sales associates ect
Research Method
-interviews with 70 high level traffickers in Canadian penitentiaries
-additional interviews with drug couriers and the RCMP
-avg age = 40 years
-variety of ethnicities
-most specialized in the selling of one drug only
Theories
1. network analysis - drug networks are often based off of criminal associations and
friendships. Reduce risk because you are part of a group engaging in the activity.
Collaborators, access to drugs ect
2. opportunity theory - being involved in a network gives you opportunity through others. these
opportunities are linked with how well embedded they are within the network.
3. social learning theory - criminal skills, contacts and opportunities are learned through others.
High level traffickers enter directly through knowing someone in the network (business
association ect). Keep information relatively secret - the arrest of one does not predict the
arrest of all.
4. strain/anomie - crime is a way to make money when legitimate means are blocked. Pursuit
of wealth - allows one to turn a large profit without education or when high paying jobs are
not available. Internalize societies goals to attain wealth and therefore seek it through
illegitimate means.
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Document Summary

Supplier/source - person above one in the chain who buys the drugs. Importer - connections in source countries and smuggle drugs into canada. Distributor/wholesaler - purchase drugs in large quantities and sell them to other dealers down the chain. High level dealers - suppliers, importers and distributors. Low level/pushers/retailers - sell the drugs at a street level. Deal on the side of another job. Deal to support their own addiction or turn a very tiny pro t. Use rst then become dealers - behaviour and then the motivation. Low education and very few high paying job opportunities - therefore menial work. Anomie theory - drug dealing is an adaption to not having a high paying job. Interviews with 70 high level traf ckers in canadian penitentiaries. Additional interviews with drug couriers and the rcmp. Most specialized in the selling of one drug only. Theories: network analysis - drug networks are often based off of criminal associations and friendships.

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