SOC229 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Social Disorganization Theory, Social Control Theory, Anomie

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SOC Reading
Of Force and Fear
Chapter 2
Characteristics of Robbery
-unsophisticated
-typically committed by young men in late teens, early 20s
-little criminal experience and organization
-fail to consider risks
-little cash turnover = often repeated until caught
-most often committed by a stranger
-some committed w insider knowledge, less common
-violence is not necessarily common
-typically an interaction between offender and target
-choose a vulnerable victim
-use surprise
-intimdate w a weapon or violence
Past
-bank robbers were white males, late 20s, early 30s
-planned crimes
-sophistication and prestige among peers
In current times
-steal small sums of money
-target small businesses
-not hollywood and elaborate like in the movies
-unconcerned about the consequences
-most are caught
-disguises are not common
-most have an issue w addiction
-very little planning
-bank robbers are young black men, very little organization
-robbery has increased since urbanization (more victims, more anonymity)
Financial Gains
-small sums of money from stores and wallet stealing (50-300$)
-bank robberies are slightly larger ($1000+)
-enormous risks for bank robbery w little cash return
Robbery Frame - Luckenbill
-movement from the traditional frame (customer and clerk) to robbery
-to prevent violence, let the offender take what they want
-offender controls by means of force
Types of Robberies
-muggings of individuals
-commercial robberies (robbing a business)
-bank/financial institution holdups
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Document Summary

Typically committed by young men in late teens, early 20s. Little cash turnover = often repeated until caught. Some committed w insider knowledge, less common. Typically an interaction between offender and target. Bank robbers were white males, late 20s, early 30s. Not hollywood and elaborate like in the movies. Bank robbers are young black men, very little organization. Robbery has increased since urbanization (more victims, more anonymity) Small sums of money from stores and wallet stealing (50-300$) Enormous risks for bank robbery w little cash return. Movement from the traditional frame (customer and clerk) to robbery. To prevent violence, let the offender take what they want. If some robbers gain notoriety in the area, robbery rates will increase. Social disorganization theory - lack of common values, family control, anonymity. Inequality theory - more urban robbery because inequality is more dramatic. Opportunity, routine and social control theory - how often robbers actually are put in an ideal situation to rob.

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