SOC229 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Popular Guard, Barter, Machismo

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SOC
Hostage Taking
Hypothesis 1 - Moral Prohibitions
-cultural views around “killing”
-legitimate vs illegitimate targets/killing
-war vs child killer
-doing job vs destruction of innocence and someone who is helpless
-guards are therefore illegitimate targets
-simply doing job, families
-hatred towards guards not uniform thus no justification for harm
Hypothesis 2 - Friendships and Alliances
-guards are useful to inmates for utilitarian purposes
-favours (guards decide if you get into programs and benefits so you want to be their friend)
-guards gain respect from inmates because they are fair
-guards can look the other way - not enforce “smaller” rules (discretion)
-build up of security and trust through interaction (parent-child relationship)
Jackson Riot
-national guard fired and killed one inmate against orders (told to shoot above the head)
-inmates demanded the “head of one guard”
-least popular guard selected out of many (guard was saved by national guard)
-inmates will protect the “good guys”
Hypothesis 3 - Fear of Repercussions
-acknowledge serious reprisals for killing
-legal - murder charge, denial of parole, transfer (SHU - isolated 23h a day)
-informal consequences
-forced to run a gauntlet and beaten with batons at arrival to Millhaven
-Guard poops in sandwich (Archambault Riot - 1982)
Hypothesis 4&5 - Reward and Barter
-reward - riots are short and guards remember
-personal agenda - expect reward for release of guard; improve their circumstances
-exp. transfer down to med and min security
-barter - negotiation process based on exchange of guard for demands
Informants - Absence of Moral Prohibitions
-violate inmate code therefor despised
-violate societies code as well (tattle-tale)
-rats are motivated out of self-interest not moral obligations
-just deserts mind-set
-denial of victim (Sykes and Matza’s Techniques of Neutralization) and revenge
-criminals find ways to jsutify their behaviour, deny that there is a victim, make themself feel
better about the crime.
-they dont beleive an informant is a victim
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Document Summary

Doing job vs destruction of innocence and someone who is helpless. Hatred towards guards not uniform thus no justi cation for harm. Guards are useful to inmates for utilitarian purposes. Favours (guards decide if you get into programs and bene ts so you want to be their friend) Guards gain respect from inmates because they are fair. Guards can look the other way - not enforce smaller rules (discretion) Build up of security and trust through interaction (parent-child relationship) National guard red and killed one inmate against orders (told to shoot above the head) Inmates demanded the head of one guard . Least popular guard selected out of many (guard was saved by national guard) Legal - murder charge, denial of parole, transfer (shu - isolated 23h a day) Forced to run a gauntlet and beaten with batons at arrival to millhaven. Guard poops in sandwich (archambault riot - 1982) Reward - riots are short and guards remember.

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