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SOC 229 (129)
Lecture

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC 229
Professor
Fred Desroches
Semester
Fall

Description
The Treatment of Hostages in Prison Riots IntroductionThe Different Manner in Which Guards and Undesirables are Treated in Prison RiotsIn most prison riots inmates step forward to protect guard hostages Prison riot leaders also appoint inmates to protect guard hostages Guards are generally treated well throughout a riot and released relatively unharmed Inmate undesirables are despised and attacked by other prisonersRarely will anyone step forward to attempt to protect undesirables from violent assault Prison Guards as HostagesPrisons are institutions filled with violent men who are deprived of their libertyGuards are charged with enforcing the rules that restrict inmate movement etcDespite this guards are seldom injured by inmates during prison riots Hypothesis 1Moral Prohibitions cultural valuesSocieties opinions about killing some is acceptable and some is not Guards are not illegitimate targets killing guard hostages Despite their involvement in crime most inmates subscribe to conventional values and moralsPrison guards are people who are simply doing a job who have families to support and there is no reason to kill them even though their job is not the most reasonable to inmates These moral values are internalized by inmates and do find it wrong to kill them and most do protect these guards They have families pay taxes raise children etcSociety strongly condemns the killing of guard hostagesInmates also subscribe to these same values and are influenced by moral prohibitions that condemn the harming of guard hostagesFor those reasons some inmates will step forward to protect guards from violent assaultsInmates rationalize their conduct most inmates subscribe to most of our values and only violate some Hypothesis 2Friendships and AlliancesTo explain why guards do not get harmed Guards are seen as the manager of men the inmates who are confined against their menSome inmates do create a grudge against these guards In the process of doing their job guards can make friends and develop alliances among inmates One of the things that offset the things that may look at guards because they can treat these inmates with respect and be a little more lenient and create friendshipsThere are many rules in prisons and some guards do look the other way for some rules and these inmates appreciate the guards and they are seen respectable and in return these guards do follow the more serious rules this does built up respect for the guards Certain inmates who have a higher status due to their personality and the crimes they have committed and this status is respected by the guards Guards may even do this as an insurance policy against assault by other more violent criminals by showing respect to some inmates and gaining that mutual respect does lead to alliancesAlliances with the inmate elite is likely to help guards in a time of crisis Example Jackson prison riot occurred in the United states there was a cell block that contained the most violent and the undesirables and these violent killed the undesirable there were also some guard hostages and then when they were suppose to throw these hostages in some of the inmates objected because they had a strong relationship with some of these guardsHypothesis 3Fear of RepercussionsWhy inmates protect guards is the fear of deterrence killing a guard is very serious and it will have severe consequencesPrison riots typically last three or four days after that guards are back in control and killing a guard will have a long sentence Solidarity confinement a result of harming a guard and the inmates do know it and are afraid of it There can be informal types of retaliation and guards can also take revenge Inmates know that guards will soon be in control of the prison They also know that guards may seek revenge if guard hostages have been harmed Official sanctions including criminal charges isolation and the denial of parole may also function to deter inmates from harmingguard hostages Inmates fear the informal and formal retaliation preformed by resentful guardsHypothesis 4 and 5Rewards and BarterExpectations of rewards that motivate inmates to step forward and protect guard hostages the main concern of prison authority is the hostages Riot is concluded successfully if these riots are completed with no hostages and there is a possibility a reward for individuals that treat guards properly Some inmates including riot leaders may protect guard hostages with the expectation of rewardsRewards may include a transfer to another prison or early release through parole these are more of a personal reward Inmates also know that they only thing that prevents the administration from taking the prison by force is concern for the lives of guard hostagesBarter the inmates through inmate leaders are negotiating their end Harming or killing the hostages would mean that the inmates have lost their barter in the negotiations is through the hostages of guards and hence why authorities will proceed with no force Their barter is the guards and can not inquire them because this is the only thing they have in order to get what they want in their negotiations InformantsThe Absence of Moral Prohibitions The 5 hypothesis does not exist with undesirables Informants are despised by inmates because they break the inmate code code that defines relationship between inmates US vs THEM relationships and the code prohibits that inmates should not and these informants should be killedThe dislike of undesirables is an extension of societys values
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