SOC229 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Boyd Gang, Economic Model

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20 Jul 2016
Department
Course
Motivation to Bank Robbery
Objectives
Differentiate btwn initial motivation and the motivation to continue
Explain and critically discuss the various motivation components in robbery
Critically analyze rational choice theory as it applies to robbery
Critically analyze the role of the media in the motivation to robbery
Discuss the lifestyle and spending habits of robbery offenders and
What is rational choice theory?
Economic model based on expected utility
Maximize benefits and minimize losses
Implies planning and thinking
Explains instrumental crime
Subjective/bounded/limited rationality
Influences M.O. (modus operendi), target, getaway
There’s spontaneity involved sometimes
Motivational components
 Initial motivation: money
Perception of robbery as “easy” (ex of limited/bounded rationality)
Assume it’s low risk – media driven
Low time commitment
Satisfies immediate needs (pay rent, debts, gifts, support business)
 Power and excitement (expressive)
Secondary gains, because:
Not initial motivation ($), not significant
Robbers to express nervousness/anxiety
Why?
Fearful of robbery
Regret victimization of innocents
Force themselves to carry out act
Refuse weaponry
Age factor (as people get older the thirst for “power and excitement” is
diminished
Deterrence
Low risk
Nothing to lose attitude (no skills, support, just released)
Life assessment bleak
Lack of attachments, investments, involvement in conventional life
Fatalistic, dispirited, no sense of self-control
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