Lecture 2 I listened to the lecture and took down as much as I could and what I felt was important to know.

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Published on 16 Oct 2011
School
University of Waterloo
Department
Social Work (Social Development Studies)
Course
SOCWK120R
Professor
Lecture 2 Nature of Social Work and Concepts
-active and applied
-values purpose and intervention techniques
-interventions – unique
-theories blend with other social sciences
-interested in assisting people in altering their lives/exploring peoples issues
-analyze families/members of a small group or individuals in common situations
-community groups are also analyzed
System Theory
-natural sciences, not always perfect
-any individual or family/group is always part of a bigger group
-things that affect one part, affect all parts
-chance may not occur in the person/family but still affects them greatly
-look for understanding/solutions of problems
-Imagery: ex. (calm, until rock hits water and causes rippled effect and spreads)
-alters all parts of the system (interventions are often multiple and effects multiple parts of a system)
-ex school environments – these can become a part of the changes
-attempt to achieve an equilibrium
-social systems (ex families) – equilibrium can be negative (ex a role of individual misbehaving)
-try to alter one piece, but it takes the whole system to adjust
-social worker has to be aware of the change and how it will affect the whole system
-assessments must get info on individual/family/group but also get info on related organizations that
have a regular/significant impact on the persons life
-interventions need to be long lasting
Role Theory
-explore the roles people play (may not affect all the roles- ex good with children, not with spouse)
--good relationship at academics, not social
-clients don't necessarily think of their lives as roles. Social worker must point out the positive roles in
their lives, and help adjust the negative roles- can overlap roles
-client may be able to apply good role to the negative role
-social work intervention is a ”planed change process” - internal stimuli and external stimuli very
important
-goal is :client to carry on effectively and on their own- independent]
STEPS:(6)
1.Perception for the need of change- not linear, if people can't internally deal with change they then
look for help externally, can occur when someone exhausts their resources to deal with change and go
to agency for assistance. People need to admit/see their is a problem and they can't deal with it alone,
and then to turn for help.
2.Initiating the plan change- when they look outside for assistance, (group may also feel they cant
achieve whats needed -ex. Family). Not only for individuals.
3.Establish of a change relationship- worker and client system. Client normally initiates the contact to
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Document Summary

Lecture 2 nature of social work and concepts. Interested in assisting people in altering their lives/exploring peoples issues. Analyze families/members of a small group or individuals in common situations. Any individual or family/group is always part of a bigger group. Things that affect one part, affect all parts. Chance may not occur in the person/family but still affects them greatly. Imagery: ex. (calm, until rock hits water and causes rippled effect and spreads) Alters all parts of the system (interventions are often multiple and effects multiple parts of a system) Ex school environments these can become a part of the changes. Social systems (ex families) equilibrium can be negative (ex a role of individual misbehaving) Try to alter one piece, but it takes the whole system to adjust. Social worker has to be aware of the change and how it will affect the whole system.

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