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Lecture 3

Lecture 3 I listened to the lecture and took down as much as I could and what I felt was important to know.

Social Work (Social Development Studies)
Course Code
Dale Payne

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Lecture 3 History of Social Work and Social Welfare
-Early historical happenings- Britain/Canada
-Begin with the British system (England) 5th -14th century
-at this point every necessity was all met within the confined area
-downside is lack of freedom, people could not move/change occupation
-13 hundreds plague that hit – knocked out 2/3 population
-govn't passed legislation to enforce the number of labourers (farmers)
1349law set saying person must accept employment from anyone with any wade (forbidden to leave
the area to seek new work)
other members of population were not aloud to give aid (food/money) to people who could be
ultimately benefited the “lord” of kingdom
-Catholic church role changed- when King Henry 8th had disagreement with church of Rome he
closed many of the monasteries/took lots of the wealth
-Result of these, the poor laws (1601- Elizabeth the 1st) were a series of acts by govn't to try and fix
the need of aid (of poor ppl)
Principles that came out of Poor laws: (1998)
1.Principle of less Eligibility- any type of financial assistance give to the poor (in Britain) had to be
viewed as less desirable than the level of assistance gained solely by individual via work. Should
always be seen by the public better to work (no matter the wadge) is better than gaining assistance
from others. Result of public assistance is that men and their families were required to leave homes and
go to “work houses” where fam broken up and men lived separate from woman. All members of fam
were required to work and received food/shelter. Additionally once moved it, it was quite difficult for
the family to move out and be independent.
2.Perception of Need- how society viewed people who were unable to be self sufficient and take care
of their own needs, (father and his family).
Two opposing views:
a) people in need because their own personal failures and inability to care for themselves/
independence. If each person peruses their own self interests with little interference from govn't it will
work best in society. [Capitalism] - residual programs- not permanent after govn't decides need has
been fulfilled/solved
b) view citizens that don't meet correct needs are provided environment/system where they could
receive help. Not necessarily their fault, it was societies job to assist/meet the needs to the individual,
(ex loosing home to Haiti is govn't job to assist) [Humanitarianism- universal risks where all citizens
will require protection and knows anyone of us could require the need from outside agency, ex
sickness.]- universal programs- different than residual because once they are set up, all population
members receive the service (material/financial) and there is no differentiation between members.
*humanitarian group is what social work emerged from
Famous Social Welfare Workers (only 2 out of many)
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