Lecture 4 I listened to the lecture and took down as much as I could and what I felt was important to know.
SchoolUniversity of Waterloo
DepartmentSocial Work (Social Development Studies)
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LECTURE 4 Lecture Based On Social Work Values
-Social work values
-Examine our own values and ethics before learning others (ex. ten commandments)
-Do you follow rules? Would you do anything for your best friend? Worry of cheating? Should your
friend as you a bold question?
-Complexity is always within our values (what is, when, how)
Value Application in Practice
Seven Values (why/how we use them)
1. Acceptance- [Refers to the worker] – attitude that worker brings while working with the client.
Accept the person as a human and for who they are. Allows the client to feel safe and open.
2. Permissiveness- [Refers to the client]- expression of feeling and is the result of what happens to the
client when they realize worker is acceptance. They reveal the truth to the worker and open up about
behaviour/feelings. The worker then listens attentively and is extremely evolved.
Both values are extremely helpful in the beginnings of the relationship. Doesn't mean that social
workers fully accept all clients and what is occurring, they try to change that because its not
3.Controlled Emotional Involvement- horizontal line which is meant to be at a controlled level and the
two extremes are inappropriate. Shows the involvement of the social worker. Need to create distance
but not too far, distance allows for personal growth and accomplishments.
Under Involved ----------------------------------**perfect**-------------------------------------- Over
-Personality is present in how involved the social worker is. Some ppl are more comfortable being
more involved and closer but there needs to be diversity. (can be physical or emotionally)
-If social worker is in extreme panic, it may be best to be closer and more involved than distant, then
slowly more away.
4. Individualization- Stereotyping is not appropriate for social workers. The way client is dealing with
their issue is new to them, so not typical to what others experience. Differential assessment is vital to
each unique case and is an old technique.
5. Non Judgemental Attitude- Think in terms of client engaging in behaviour social worker finds
extremely negative, they still cant judge and initially must response and understand then build a
progressive change. Find out about their reaction to what they have done and how others dealt with
their actions. Separate own feelings to keep them outside unless it is useful to tell client how you feel.
6.Client Self Determination- We always have options and decisions to be made about the course of
action. The client is the final decision, not the worker. Voluntary participation with the client is there
unless they are recommended to the worker and have no large say. Social workers need to not take
over, be there as a resource and a guideline to explore options, [pros and cons]. Once decision is made
it is essential to be there to listen and be there for the client, even if client doesn't feel the choice is
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