PSYC101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Informed Consent, Attachment Theory, Maximum Life Span

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Published on 16 Dec 2016
Department
Course
Week 1
!Explores predictable milestones and transitions, e.g. puberty !Focuses on
explaining individual differences, e.g. ADD !Explores the impact of life
transitions, e.g. different ages !Takes a multidisciplinary approach, e.g.
many areas
!
Introduction
!
Domains of Development
Physical!
Perceptual and Motor Cognitive!
- Language!
Socioemotional!
- Social!
- Emotional!
- Moral – justice, right or wrong - Personality
Stages of Development
- Prenatal!
- Infancy!
- Childhood!
- Adolescent!
- Early & Middle Adulthood (21 – 70) - Old-old (80+)
Studying Lifespan Development & Its Issues
Lifespan Development = The scientific study of human growth throughout
life. Normative and Non-Normative life transitions!
- Child Development!
- Gerontology (scientific study of aging)
- Adult Development
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! Nature vs Nurture!
Genetics (Biological) vs Environment!
! Continuity vs Discontinuity!
Easy smooth progression through lifespan vs Series of abrupt shifts!
! Universal vs Context-Specific Development!
One path of development or several paths of developments depending on
individual context ! Stable vs Changeable!
Stay the same, e.g. characteristics or change is possible (Plastic =
changeable)
Impact of Cohort Effects, Social Class, Culture & Gender on
Development
Cohort refers to our birth groups, the age group with whom we travel
through life. (Baby Boom Cohort, after WWII)!
- Born before 20th century faced shorter, harsher childhood with many not
surviving.!
- After 20th century life expectancy revolution occurred, increases our life
expectancy closer to maximum lifespan.
Socioeconomically Status refers to our education and income. - In poverty
people face harsher, more stressful, shorter lives.!
- Developed world countries better off than developing countries. - Behind in
technology, health and wealth.
Research Methods Commonly Used in Studying Development
Natural observation – behaviour directly Self-Reports – questionnaires!
Ability Test – evaluate mental skills Observer Reports – trained observer
Research Designs Most Commonly Used when Studying Development
Research Strategies
Correlational – Relating two or more variables!
True Experimental – Determine how something causes something else -
Random allocate, setup!
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Document Summary

!explores predictable milestones and transitions, e. g. puberty !focuses on explaining individual differences, e. g. add !explores the impact of life transitions, e. g. different ages !takes a multidisciplinary approach, e. g. transitions, e. g. different ages !takes a multidisciplinary approach, e. g. many areas. Moral justice, right or wrong - personality. Early & middle adulthood (21 70) - old-old (80+) Lifespan development = the scienti c study of human growth throughout life. Easy smooth progression through lifespan vs series of abrupt shifts. One path of development or several paths of developments depending on individual context ! Stay the same, e. g. characteristics or change is possible (plastic = changeable) Impact of cohort effects, social class, culture & gender on. Cohort refers to our birth groups, the age group with whom we travel through life. (baby boom cohort, after wwii) Born before 20th century faced shorter, harsher childhood with many not surviving. After 20th century life expectancy revolution occurred, increases our life expectancy closer to maximum lifespan.

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