PSYC102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Shell Shock, Neurosis, Startle Response

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28 Jul 2016
Department
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Lecture 10 Stress and Health 16.3
- Video... Joe Wheeler. Many National Guard troops, soldiers and marines
suffer from this. Paranoia. 18months to 3 years to recover. Witnessing torture
and inappropriate behavior towards enemies.
1- Diagnosis of PTSD
o Exposure to a traumatic event: Threats to self or others, threat of death,
threat of serious injury. Response involved intense fear, helplessness or
horror.o Persistent re-experiencing of the event.o Persistent increase in
arousal (increased heart rate, emotions etc.).o Persistent avoidance of stimuli
associated with the trauma (example, car backfires – sounds like a gun.
Constantly looking for road side bombs.). - Symptom presentation o Re-
experiencingNightmares, flashbacks, intrusive memories, physiological
and psychological reactions to reminders of the events. o Hyper arousal
lOMoARcPSD
Irritability or outburst of anger, difficulty concentrating, trouble falling
asleep or staying awake, being constantly on guard, ad exaggerated startle
response (jumpy).
o AvoidanceAvoid reminders of the events, avoid thinking about the
event and related
feelings, reduced interest in once enjoyable activities, restricted range of
affect (emotions become very restricted and more negative), feeling detached
from others, sense that future will be cut short, and trouble remembering all
of part of that event. These people aren’t very comforting and are difficult to
be around.
- PTSD co-morbid with other disorders.
History of PTSD
- Fright
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