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Lecture 11

ANTH 100A – Lecture 11 (October 16, 2013) Dr. Charles Menzies.docx

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ANTH 100
Charles Menzies

ANTH 100A – Lecture 11 (October 16, 2013) Dr. Charles Menzies Social Class • Birthday Cake Model ◦ layers stacked on top of each other, sometimes some frosting/filling, sometimes difficult to see boundaries between layers ◦ no essential differences ◦ most people are middle class ◦ movement between layers is relatively easy ◦ individualist notion of group identity ◦ each layer is essentially the same but for the location ◦ boundaries are marked off, but icing may bleed into layers, making precise determination difficult and decision is arbitrary ◦ compare educational attainment to personal income ▪ use comparative analyses to separate layers ◦ doesn't help with social locations or relationships between groups of people • Relational Model ◦ social change, political struggle, relations ◦ Mode of Production - Relations of Production - how you organize production; effective to Relational Model ◦ Does one own the means of production, or does one have to sell their labour to the people who own the means of production? ◦ Social reality will always be more complex than model ▪ Need to look to see what's actually happening and not be blinded by model ▪ Model is an abstract representation • Exercise - Think-Pair-Share ◦ Determine what is happening in the photo ▪ changing tire in commercial garage setting ◦ Describe the work place setting as you imagine it ▪ a few bays with lifts and oil pits to do multiple mechanical jobs, including changing tires but also changing oil, replacing parts, tune-ups ◦ What might be the possible class relations here? ▪ Birthday Cake ▪ a upper-class person who doesn't have knowledge in a mechanical role may bring their vehicle here to be repaired ▪ worker is likely seen as lower-class (depending on location in world), but has better knowledge in this area than the upper-class person ▪ Relational ▪ people pay to have labour completed Culture • Fieldwork focuses on culture • What is culture? ◦ definition needs to be derived ANTH 100A – Lecture 11 (October 16, 2013)
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