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Lecture 5

ANTH 100A – Lecture 5 (September 23, 2013) Dr. Charles Menzies.docx

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University of British Columbia
ANTH 100
Charles Menzies

ANTH 100A – Lecture 5 (September 23, 2013) Dr. Charles Menzies Agenda: • anthropology of progress and development • why did hunter-gatherers switch to agriculture • the Dobe Ju/'hoansi and the Original Affluent Society Neoliberalism - plays off idea of liberalism (free trade, free mobility of capital, small government), money is allowed to move quickly around the globe without restrictions, but people are restricted and restrained in place and citizenship is firmer; basically small state, free movement of capital, restrictions on movement of people, state is made smaller, but surveillance branch becomes larger and more present Anthropology of Progress and Development • in 10,000 years humans transformed from small-scale, nomadic bands of hunters and gatherers to large-scale, urban-industrial states ◦ nomadic - move around a territory on a regular and particular basis • our world is divided into wealthy and poor nations, not simply that there is one stronger nation, but there is a range of what happened when, how they organized it • progress seems to be a fabrication based on ethnocentric notions of technological superiority Comparing Societies •Eric Wolf - part of group of anti and social scientists who were no longer satisfied by studying small, isolated human societies; said all societies have history and need to understand that driving force •Mode of Production (defined as specific, historically occurring set of social relations through which the labour power that people have is utilizing energy from nature by the means of tools, skills, organization and knowledge) consists of ◦ relations of production - relations people enter into while producing something for direct use ◦ forces of production - tools and knowledge required to produce; having the tools and knowing how, why, and when they are used •Types ◦ kin-oriented - idiom of kinship, kinship becomes explanation for why people do what they do and a system for organizing production directly ◦ tributary - system under which labour is mobilized through power and domination; people making other people do things ◦ capitalist - revolutionary; depersonalizes the relationship between those who have power and those who don't; worker doesn't own or
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