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Lecture 13

ANTH 100A – Lecture 13 (October 28, 2013) Dr. Charles Menzies.docx

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ANTH 100
Charles Menzies

ANTH 100A – Lecture 13 (October 28, 2013) Dr. Charles Menzies Agenda: Kinship and Family • kinship as an idiom and structure of relationships ◦ used to be backbone of anthropological studies; no longer is so, but remains critical • the North American nuclear family • the Black family and homelessness Kinship as an Idiom • way of talking about each other ◦ way of thinking about human relationships • metaphors of shared substance ◦ ‘blood relatives’ - we share something ◦ both ethereal and tangible concepts can be shared (genes vs souls) ◦ socially constructed idiom to give meaningful connections • at times central to forming links ◦ people create connections that act like family (similar to Friends) ◦ friends that connect together and form urban family ◦ central to way in which people create enduring ties to one another; ties through time ◦ can bring people completely estranged together Kinship as a Structure • triangle for male, circle for female, = as a marriage bond, vertical single line as descent bond, horizontal single line as codescent bond (siblings) • social relationship/set of social relationships ◦ derived from genealogical mating, birth, nurturance ◦ don’t always mean direct biological connection (might see people in parent’s level as parents even though not related) ◦ marriage - linking of 2+ people that means different things to different people ▪ can be based around reproduction ▪ definition of marriage has been extended over time ◦ descent - determining who inherits; biological connection ▪ who has claim of the property after death ▪ in Europe, everyone gets fair share ▪ in Ireland, transfer of inheritance before death of parents to eldest son, who had to look after parents, but kept all property together ▪ North American, trust set up, will can be set by owners ▪ nurturance - adoption Principles
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