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Lecture 19

ANTH 100A – Lecture 19 (November 25, 2013) - REVIEW PART 1 Dr. Charles Menzies.docx

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University of British Columbia
ANTH 100
Charles Menzies

ANTH 100A – Lecture 19 (November 25, 2013) – REVIEW Dr. Charles Menzies What is Anthropology? o How we and other human beings make sense of the world o also an analytic practice of comparison; cross-cultural frame of reference o attack against insular concepts o anthropological point of view o trying to look behind the world of everyday experiences to discover the patterns and meanings that lie behind the world o not just what you see and hear, but sometimes junction between understanding and underlying works of society o listen to what people say and sometimes take with a grain of salt o multidisciplinary discipline: socio-cultural, archeological, linguistic, physical, applied, museum, visual What is an Ethnography? o NOT a novel o both a practice and an object What is a Fieldsite and How Does it Relate to People? o where an anthropologist works o gives a frame around a place/object of study, sometimes a cross-cultural frame of reference; we are all in some way alike despite our core differences; we are fundamentally all human so we compare ourselves to others o place, number of linked places, an occupation o field site can be home or elsewhere o What is fieldwork? o an extended period of close involvements with the people an anthropologist is interested in, during which anthropologists ordinarily collect most of their data o people sometimes try to step outside and view differently o culture shock: the sense of dislocation and /or discomfort that comes from living in a “strange land” o can sometimes help shed light on a society or culture, seeing it through different eyes Culture and Society o Culture: sets of learned behaviours and ideas that humans acquire as members of society o Society: the collective organization of a group of people with a shared history, culture, and social organization; complex societies may include two or more distinctive cultural groups within a single social system o some anthropologists see culture and society as the same thing o Culture and the happy meal: what can a meal tell us about the society it’s coming from; what do we need to know about it? o Comparing societies: o mode of production consists of relations of production and forces of production  types: kin-ordered, tributary and capitalist. ways or ordering societies ANTH 100A – Lecture 19 (November 25, 2013) – REVIEW Dr. Charles Menzies  form of production: a specifically observable system of organizing production - empirically existing  mode of production: social totality; larger, abstract scale, general environment in which people are operating 
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