ANTH 100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Culture Shock, Relate, Central Force

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28 Nov 2013
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ANTH 100A Lecture 19 (November 25, 2013) REVIEW Dr. Charles Menzies
What is Anthropology?
o How we and other human beings make sense of the world
o also an analytic practice of comparison; cross-cultural frame of reference
o attack against insular concepts
o anthropological point of view
o trying to look behind the world of everyday experiences to discover
the patterns and meanings that lie behind the world
o not just what you see and hear, but sometimes junction between
understanding and underlying works of society
o listen to what people say and sometimes take with a grain of salt
o multidisciplinary discipline: socio-cultural, archeological, linguistic, physical,
applied, museum, visual
What is an Ethnography?
o NOT a novel
o both a practice and an object
What is a Fieldsite and How Does it Relate to People?
o where an anthropologist works
o gives a frame around a place/object of study, sometimes a cross-cultural
frame of reference; we are all in some way alike despite our core differences;
we are fundamentally all human so we compare ourselves to others
o place, number of linked places, an occupation
o field site can be home or elsewhere
o What is fieldwork?
o an extended period of close involvements with the people an
anthropologist is interested in, during which anthropologists
ordinarily collect most of their data
o people sometimes try to step outside and view differently
o culture shock: the sense of dislocation and /or discomfort that comes from
living in a “strange land”
o can sometimes help shed light on a society or culture, seeing it
through different eyes
Culture and Society
o Culture: sets of learned behaviours and ideas that humans acquire as
members of society
o Society: the collective organization of a group of people with a shared
history, culture, and social organization; complex societies may include two
or more distinctive cultural groups within a single social system
o some anthropologists see culture and society as the same thing
o Culture and the happy meal: what can a meal tell us about the society it’s
coming from; what do we need to know about it?
o Comparing societies:
o mode of production consists of relations of production and forces of
production
types: kin-ordered, tributary and capitalist. ways or ordering
societies
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