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Lecture 12

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University of British Columbia
Classical Studies
CLST 301
Shelley Reid

Lecture 12 Notes 12W CLST 301  Final exam info posted shortly  Module 9  Anatomical Roots: Mouth and Digestive System  See digestive diagram for GI tract layout - not asked to name parts  Mouth o Stom, stomat-  [Grk]  Other situations can be used as mouthes - plant stoma  Stoma in colostomy o Or-  [Lat]  Only used for mouth on face o Come from the word that means mouth, both languages  Uvula o Uvul, staphyl-  Little grape  Staphylococcus looks like little grapes  Tongue o Gloss- [Grk] o Lingu- [Ltn]  Means either tongue, or language  Phag-, -phagia, -phagy o The act of eating (or biting, swallowing, chewing, devouring) o Context is very important o Ex. Cheilophagia  Chewing or biting on the lips  Not: swallowing the lips  Esophag-, oesophag- o Oes- carrying  Found in british journals o Phag- eating o Carrying what has been eaten  Stomach o Stom-, stomat- -> Stomach o Variation on mouth, one mouth to another, mouth of the digestive system  Pyloric sphincter o Pyloros [Grk] "gatekeeper"  Duodenum o [Lat] "twelve (fingers)" o Stretched out is twelve fingers long  Intestines o Enter- o Specific reference to digestive tract, alimentary canal  Viscera o Splanch-, viscer- o Refer to all digestive organs o As well as other internal organs (liver, lungs, heart, etc.)  Ileum v. Ilium Lecture 12 Notes 12W CLST 301 o Ileum - part of the large intestine o Ilium - part of iliac crest of pelvis  Sphincter o "sphincter" [Grk] - sphinx  Body of a cat, head of a woman o Any circular muscle enclosing an orifice o Varying sizes of sphincters - don't be surprised to see it in non-digestive systems o Myth: Oedipus and the Sphinx  Before Oedipus is king, he goes through series of incidents in life  Son of a king and queen, before he is born, father is told that son will kill you and marry his wife  Tell servant to leave Oedipus on hillside to be eaten  Goes travelling, argues with man on road, accidentally kills father  Arrives at Thebes, can't get into city since sphinx is sitting outside of city, terrorizing, nobody can enter who is unable to answer riddle  Can't answer riddle: devoured  Four legs, two legs, three legs - answers riddle  Sphinx disappears, names Oedipus king, marries Jocasta  Have several children by Jocasta  Eventually gouges his eyes out  When he answers riddle, sphinx kills herself, puts hands around neck, and squeezes/chokes herself to death  Terminations  -pepsia o Digestion o Pepto bismol, pepsi o Marketed p
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