CNPS 363 Lecture 005.docx

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Counselling Psychology
CNPS 363
Yarrow Brenda Dyer

CNPS 363 Lecture 005 Salvickas: guiding the client to his/her heart’s desire Savickas’ narrative theory of career development - 21 century extension of Super’s theory – elaboration of the implementation of the self-concept - Savickas – “careers do not unfold, they are constructed” - Incorporates Super’s idea of self-concept into his theory - Very big on the idea of “meaning making”, a constructionist mindset Savickas: core constructs - Three constructs of the narrative theory of Savickas: o Vocational personality – a set of traits, beliefs and behaviors that has a certain continuity over time (not really fixed) o Life themes – a set of values, and purpose of life and career which forms patterns over time o Career adaptability – openness to change the self and the environment as one lives one’s life themes and creates one’s life story Savickas’ narrative career counseling: how? - The method o Rather than using tests/inventories/checklists to access vocational personality, Savickas asks questions to elicit the story, memories, and metaphors - Some typical questions o Who were some of your most important role models an why?  As client describes their early role models, they are describing themselves – this is “who I am” – a blueprint o What is your favorite movie (novel, magazine, TV show etc.) and why? - Savickas is highly involved in co-constructing the client’s career story – he offers an “interpretation” at the end of the counseling interview - Focus is not so much on creating a new career future but understanding/crystallizing who the client is trying to become (their best self) – important to know their history Constructionism: a post-modern philosophy - Modern science understood human experience by objectively observing and measuring (often numerically, positivism) o Parsons, Holland o Super and Krumboltz (SLCT) stand on the bridge - Post modern science understands human experience by qualitative inquiry into individual’s subjectivity (interviews, stories): how do humans construct meaning? o Krumboltz (planned happenstance), Gelatt (positive uncertainty) o Savickas, Campbell & Ungar Four core assumptions of a post-modern (constructionist) worldview - Realities are socially constructed - Realities are constituted through language - Realities are organized and maintained through narrative - There are no essential truths Assumption 1: Realities are social constructed - How people understand what happens to them in the world and the resulting story they tell about themselves depends on: o Their participation in dominant discourses o How more or less privileged they are compared to others - People seek counseling when their “stories” are unsatisfying, constrained, puzzling - In this paradigm, counseling exposes an individual to alternate social constructions of reality through clinical conversations - Discourse: an interrelated system of statements, which cohere around common meaning and values - Product of social factors, of power and practices, rather than an individual’s set of ideas - Dominant and alternative discourses o i.e., dominant discourse example: a certain career is more worthy than another; to be unemployed means you re lazy - How does the client’s story interact with dominant social discourses - i.e., social discourse in career (lawyer has more value than working in a shop) Assumption 2: realities are constituted through language - What a person thinks follows from the language he or she has available to name the world - Narrative career counseling – provides client
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