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ENGL - 112 - Orchestrating Voices

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University of British Columbia
ENGL 112

ENGL - 112 - Orchestrating Voices (AW 103-133) 1. Orchestrating Scholarly Voices (AW 111-121) Academic writers should never cite sources they have not read or viewed directly; it is also rare for an academic writer to enter into dialogue with only one other writer. You, as a summarizer of other people's word, must therefore ORCHESTRATE a scholarly conversation. In their introductions to academic papers, writers cite other writers TO CONSTRUCT THE STATE OF KNOWLEDGE (also known as a literature review): in other words, they provide a snapshot of research on a given subject. However, such citations are not confined to introductions and can occur throughout academic papers. (Bringing arguments of different authors together) The simplest form of citation often takes the following form: A wrote something, and B responds to it (for example, A's critique of B's experiment). FOr obvious reasons, these are the easiest voices to report: they share the same objects, questions and concepts. (they focus on the same thing) In other cases, however, the relation between sources is not so obvious or immediate. For example, even though two authors might be exploring similar objects and asking similar questions, THEY MAY NOT REFER DIRECTLY TO EACH OTHER. In such cases, the academic writer must bring these authors together by focusing to THEIR SIMILARITIES: THEIR SHARED CONCEPTS OR SOURCES: differences are thus set asides in favour of COMMON GROUND. Example two different sources can be brought together to a basis of gender and European fairytales. (concepts) (AW 112-113) In still other cases, RESEARCHES MAY NOT EVEN SHARE THE SAME RESEARCH OBJECTS: nevertheless, these authors can still be brought together on the bases of the KEY TERMS or CONCEPTS they share: for example, researchers may try to examine certain historical events - such as the Holocaust or the war in Iraq - using the PSYCHOLOGICAL CONCEPT OF OBEDIENCE TO AUTHORITY; in the same way, researches may use concepts from work done on folklore (the hero, quest) to examine video games (AW 113-117) However, A READER NEEDS TO BE NOTIFIED WHEN A SOURCE DOES NOT DIRECTLY ADDRESS THE RESEARCH QUESTION. Letting the reader know that you are using something from another field of study. (AW 118-121) 2. Orchestrating "non-scholarly" sources (AW 1
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