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Citation and Summary

2 Pages

Course Code
ENGL 112
Kim Trainor

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01-07-2013 CITATION  Attributing information to someone else o Ex. daily life – weather, news, gossip o Professionals cite for reasons of expertise, status  Reporting expressions (He/she…) o examines... o refutes… o challenges… o summarizes… o Summarize ideas in the present tense because they are current ideas Why do scholars use citation?  To describe the stake of knowledge (S.K.)  Identify a knowledge deficit (K.D.)  Take a position with relation to other voices  Solidarity – identification with a particular group  Taking part in an on-going conversation  Construct knowledge How to identify a knowledge deficit  Unchartered territory  Extend previous research  Challenge/disagree/refute other research (evict someone of their position) SUMMARY  Participate in on-going conversation, academic discussion o Neutral – capture main claims, little detail o Evaluation – agreement or disagreement  Tiny summary to remind reader of key ideas o “imagined community”  several paragraphs Techniques for summarizing  Note for gist o Identify key works o Capture essence of each paragraph in one sentenc
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