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ENGL 220 Paradise Lost Oct 8 and 10

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ENGL 220
Lorcan Fox

ENGL 220 Paradise Lost – October 8, 10, 2012  Paradise Lost welcomes the new order that King Lear resists o To some degree, Paradise Lost celebrates what Edmond stands for / represents in King Lear  Free will o Offers bleak treatment of the events that occurred during the day of Milton’s lifetime  Milton was actively involved in English civil wars  Milton was generally very involved in the events of his day o Interregnum: between the reigns of royal successors  Heaven and Hell are states of the mind o Adam and Eve’s expulsion from paradise  Michael refers to “paradise within thee happier far”  Last example of internal vs. external “paradise” o Satan leaves Hell in Book 2 -> enters Eden in Book 4  It doesn’t seem like he leaves at all  Another example of internal vs. external states of mind  Paradise Lost as allegory of the fall or failure of the Republican government o Fallen angels implicitly associated with royalists o Milton and royalists rebelling against Charles I can be represented in Satan rebelling against God (God as the ideal political ruler; free will)  Book 1: Line 359 -> fallen angels – “princely dignity” o Line 677 o Line 536  Paradise Lost as expression of free will o Milton had a strong belief in free will, he was an unorthodox Puritan  Free will was a reflection of Christian humanism (Anthology 467-468)  Most Puritans believed in predestination instead, that good deeds or bad deeds do not influence the outcome o Milton pains to reconcile with free will  Secular: we choose to obey our rules, pay taxes  Spiritual: We choose to obey God  He claims God is not an autocratic ruler  Book 2’s demonic counsel is the counterpart of Book 3’s divine counsel o In Book 3, Milton’s God says that Adam and Eve ordained their own fall, created their own revolt  God granted them free will  If they choose to believe God, their obedience is much stronger o Charles I opposed free will  Believed more strongly in the divine right of kings o Milton was against mindless, thoughtless obedience to God without reflection  Faith is reinforced by reason  Reaction against uncritical faith of the Middle Ages  Use of blank verse in Paradise Lost o Blank verse: unrhymed iambic pentameter o Returning to ancients: eg. Homer, Virgil  Restoring epic form back to its roots o Rhyme is an ornament -> trivial, distraction (like incense or statues) o Rhyme is a bondage (political allegory)  Milton wants to throw off the bondage of monarch  Milton wanted to write the epic to exceed all epics o Epics are heroic, “larger than life” o Milton tries to write the fate of humanity  Seeks to surpass epic predecessors  Tries to write unsurpassable epic o Christianizing conventions of epics  Satirizing the epic hero  Great hero in Milton’s epic: Satan, or Adam and Eve  Epic conventions o Beginning in media res  Readers are joined in the middle of the story, when angels have fallen  Lures the readers in - hook o Invocation of the muses  Irania  For direction and inspiration o Catalogue of warriors  Milton lists off the devils  Milton is disparaging Greek mythology by associating the fallen angels with mythology o Pandemonium *  Milton coined this word  Devils everywhere  Compares to a Greek temple o Huge setting  Takes place from Christian pe
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