ENGL 112 Lecture Notes - Creative Nonfiction, Heterosexuality, Participant Observation

16 views3 pages
7 Feb 2013
ENGL 112: Strategies in University Writing
February 6, 2013
Techniques for Critical Summary:
Before getting into critical summary, some words on summarizing case studies, fold-stories,
novels, films, creative non-fiction, etc.: these types of writing do not always clearly announce
their conceptual levels; it is therefore up to the reader to supply the higher level concepts that the
original does not supply on its surface. Thus, a reader might need to give names to story's key
moments/episodes or provide a key concept to explain a situation. In doing so, a reader creates
meaning and displays his/her critical skill and insight. For example, a reader might summarize a
report stating "Several schools were burnt down in the last six months" using the concept
"Vandalism." Or, when talking about the character of Cinderella, a reader could use the concept
"the representation of women." More of this on pages 95-102
Part of your role as an academic wittier is to guide the reader through the different levels of
information the constitute your argument: you demonstrate abstract/conceptual/statements with
concrete details and explain the concepts at work in specific phenomena.
Critical Frame and Critical Stance:
As the name implies, critical summary builds on the techniques of summary (please remember to
review notes of summary). A critical frame is an indispensable part of the critical summary.
Critical frame introduces a source openly and directly using reporting expressions
o Ex. Calhouns essay "Heterosexuality" argues that
A critical farm indicates
One of the major difficulties in writing a critical summary arises when you submit yourself to
someone else's rigorous argument: you may feel that you are not in a position to criticize it. For
example, you may thing that the argument is completely convincing (or unconvincing) or that
you have nothing to add: this simply means you lack critical distance. To overcome this problem,
you must detach yourself from the original argument: constructing a critical frame is the first
step is detaching yourself from your source, allowing you to judge it impartially.
Your frae first creates critical distance through the use of "reporting expressions" - references to
the author(s), followed by a discursive verb:
Smith claims ….
Jones suggests ….
Fiske and Hartley argue ….
Critical framing thus allows you to begin creating the distance needed to make a critique: it tells
your reader that you are reporting information from elsewhere, and that you at a remove from it.
A crucial part of the critical frame is a critical stance, where you evaluate the argument you have
reconstructed in your summary.
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 3 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.