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Lecture Template - Ch. 2 (1 of 2).doc

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Family Studies
FMST 210
All Professors

Chapter 2 Theories 1 of 2I What function do theories play in the research processTheories put forth systematic and coherent explanations of the relationship between phenomena ie a reason why two thingsvariables are associated with each other Theories also put forth concepts which play an important role in research For example a theory states how concepts are defined which supports the process of operationalization Additionally youll notice that concepts represent many of the variables IV or DV that are described or causally tested in various research studies The primary purpose of the chapter two lectures is to ensure that you have a thorough understanding of the key concepts in the courseII Review of Theoretical ConceptsA Learning Theories Pavlov Skinner and Bandura What do the three learning theories have in commonLearning Theory or a Cognitive theoryEnvironmental conditions that result in learning socializationprimary socializer parents secondary socializer peers school Nurtureexternal factors1 Pavlovs Theory of Classical Conditioning concepts in boldInsight for Pavlovs theory came from his investigations into the function of saliva dogs produced psychic secretionsa Pavlovs Key Concepts not learning bc it is biologically drivennature not nurtureUnconditioned stimulifoodUCSsomething that naturally or biologically triggers a certain eventbehavioremotionUnconditioned responsesalivaUCRthe unlearned behavior or emotion triggered by the UCSConditioned stimulibellCSsomething that occurs just before the UCS or at the same time as the UCS to produce a certain behavioremotionConditioned responsesalivaCRthe learned behavioremotion triggered by the CS CS being paired w UCS1
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