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Lecture Template - Ch. 6 (2 of 2).doc

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University of British Columbia
Family Studies
FMST 210

III Attachment Theory developed by John BowlbyChapter 6 2 of 2Attachment theory is revealed in Bowlbys famous trilogy three books entitled Attachment 1969 Separation 1973 and Loss 1980A The Influence of Ethology overlaps w Part II Lorenzs imprinting Bowlby viewed attachment behaviours as evolutionary behaviours that is behaviours primarily designed to ensure an infants survival According to Bowlby instinctual behaviours such as sucking clinging following crying and smiling serve a survival purpose because they bring infants and primary attachment figures closer together which indirectly protects infants and promotes their survival Not learned instinctualBowlby noticed that an infants attachment behaviours would become uncontrollably activated by situations that an infant perceived as potentially stressful These stressful situations included hearing a loudunfamiliar noise the sudden appearance of a strangeunfamiliar person or animal and having their caregiver out of sight parental separation In addition Bowlby noticed that these attachment behaviours were easily activated when infants experienced fatigue illness or pain that is when additional care is required B of Attachment Theorydescribe the attachment process Main Ideas how it unfolds1 There is a sensitive period for attachment formation 02 years2 Attachment formation is not complete at birth It unfolds over time Bowlby described FOUR phases in the attachment formation processAgePhaseNature of Phase03 NonInfants use their reflexes and other builtin signaling behaviours also known monthsas attachment behavours to induce caregivers or potential attachment figures to focused orienting come closer ie maintain proximity and provide physical contact and According to Bowlby attachment between parent and child has not occurred in signalingthe first three months of life because infants do not direct their proximitypromoting behaviours to anyone caregiver in particular4
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